• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    To 14 in. tall, 20 in. wide first season; reaches 3 to 4 ft. wide at maturity.
    Key Feature:
    Prolific Flowering
    Blooms:
    Late summer
    Landscape Uses:
  • Detail
    Plant type:Perennial
    Deciduous/evergreen:Herbaceous
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:To 14 in. tall, 20 in. wide first season; reaches 3 to 4 ft. wide at maturity.
    Special features:Gift Plant
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Late summer
    Flower color:Pink
    Garden styleCottage
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. In colder zones, old foliage provides winter protection; shear before new growth appears in spring. Divide clumps every 2 to 3 years in early spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    The Universityy iof Minnesota's mum breeding program is one of the oldest public sector breeding programs in the world and the only one in North America. Beginning in the 1920s, U of M researchers were selecting and breeding mums for early flowering; there were none that bloomed before Minnesota's killing frosts. The cushion habit of mums, a genetic discovery of Experiment Station mum breeders, was the basis for the U of M's first plant patent, in 1977 for 'Minngopher.' Plants are dome-shaped, with flowers almost completely covering the outside surfaces of each plant. Previous mums bloomed only at the top of long stems (upright habit). Within a decade, the cushion type became the dominant chrysanthemum plant habit worldwide. In1990, breeders at the U of M found seedlings of unprecedented size. Now marketed worldwide as "Mammoth™" mums, the plants produce several thousand flowers and grow to three to four feet across in the second season and thereafter.