• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Slow growing to 3 to 6 feet tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Drought Tolerant
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:ar-ROH-nee-uh mel-an-oh-KAR-puh
    Plant type:Shrub
    Sunset climate zones:1 - 6, 31 - 43
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Slow growing to 3 to 6 feet tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Flower color:White
    Flower attributesShowy Flowers
    Design IdeasThis is one of the best American shrubs for wildlife and habitat gardens. Smaller size also makes it suitable for traditional landscapes in shrub and mixed borders, foundation and fence lines. Makes a fine informal hedge particularly attractive for its seasonal changes in suburban and rural sites such as farms and ranchettes. It will blend nicely with meadow and forest in the wild garden providing a valuable transition plant.
    Companion PlantsCombine with other natives such as Autumn Brilliance Apple Serviceberry, (Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'), Eastern Redbud, (Cercis canadensis), Cherokee Sweetgum, (Liquidambar styraciflua 'Ward') and Big Bluestem, (Andropogon gerardii).
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Feed regularly during the growing season with a general purpose fertilizer. Prune annually in late winter to promote vigorous new growth.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
  • History & Lore
    This native shrub is grouped into the rose family. It enjoys an enormous range throughout the eastern United States north into Canada. It's habitat is wet woods and swamps illustrating it's preference for damp conditions.
    The name chokeberry comes from the astringency of the fruit which is inedible when raw. Settlers made jam from the fruit after adding copious amounts of sugar.