Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Shade
Full shade
Watering Needs:
Water needs: High
Needs wet or constantly moist soil.
Average Landscape Size:
Average Landscape Size
Lacy fronds to 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide.
Key Feature:
Key Feature
Shade Loving
Blooms:
Flowering Time
Does not flower
Botanical Pronunciation:a-THI-ree-um FI-liks FAY-mi-na
Plant type:Fern
Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
Sunset climate zones:1 - 9, 14 - 24, 31 - 43
Growth rate:Fast
Average landscape size:Lacy fronds to 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide.
Foliage color:Green
Blooms:Does not flower
Garden styleAsian/Zen
Design IdeasA magnificent fern that fills out a shade garden far better than smaller types. Mass Lady Fern under trees where it's too dark for other plants. Use in pots or in atriums where their primitive, lacy character softens other more sculptural specimens. Also ideal for disguising mechanical parts of fountains or where over spray keeps planting areas too wet. A natural in banks and slopes with seeps or springs and rocky outcroppings shaded by forest.
Companion PlantsA sizable ground fern in scale with larger shade loving plants. Group with unique Trilby Rhododendron, (Rhododendron x 'Trilby'), shade tolerant Madonna (Brooks Hybrid) Azalea, (Azalea 'Madonna') and Miniature Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides 'Radicans'). Also works well with such shade-loving perennials as Lenten Rose (Helleborus x hybridus 'Royal HeritageTM Strain'), Lilac Beauty Lilyturf (Liriope muscari 'Lilac Beauty') and Bolivian Sunset Gloxinia (Gloxinia sylvatica 'Bolivian Sunset').
Care Information
Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed frequently during growing season with a general purpose fertilizer. Cut back old fronds after new growth begins in spring.
Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Shade
Full shade
Watering Needs:
Water needs: High
Needs wet or constantly moist soil.
History:
A widespread species native to the forests of Europe and Asia. It is also native to nearly every state adapting to subspecies to cope with regional climate variations.
Lore:
Woodland ferns have long been used as basket liners by berry and mushroom gatherers. The plant's microscopic spores led the ancients to believe they could render one invisible.