Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Shade
Full shade
Watering Needs:
Water needs: Moderate
Water regularly, weekly or more often in extreme heat. Tolerates dry shade conditions when established.
Average Landscape Size:
Average Landscape Size
Moderate growing 2 to 3 ft. tall, spreading.
Key Feature:
Key Feature
Shade Loving
Blooms:
Flowering Time
Does not flower
Botanical Pronunciation:pol-LIST-ik-um say-TI-fe-rum
Plant type:Fern
Deciduous/evergreen:Semi-evergreen
Growth habit:Spreading
Growth rate:Moderate
Average landscape size:Moderate growing 2 to 3 ft. tall, spreading.
Foliage color:Green
Blooms:Does not flower
Garden styleCottage
Design IdeasThis is an excellent hardy Fern that takes colder climates by dying back with frost. Plant under trees, in dark corners and shaded alcoves. Also works well in light-challenged atriums and courtyards. As a North American native, it's the perfect easy Fern for woodland and wild gardens.
Care Information
Easily grown in fertile, evenly moist, well-drained soil. Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Avoid excessive soil moisture in winter. Feed regularly during growing season. Cut back old fronds when new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: spring.
Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Shade
Full shade
Watering Needs:
Water needs: Moderate
Water regularly, weekly or more often in extreme heat. Tolerates dry shade conditions when established.
History:
This genus of ferns known collectively as "holly" ferns are so named for their sometimes prickly foliage. The genus was classified by German botanist Albrecht Roth, 1757-1834, who named it from the Greek for many rows, to describe the pattern of sori on the backs of the leaves. Many of the ferns in this contemporary classifications were formally know under genus Aspidium. This species is native to most regions of the world except the Arctic. It formerly went by the names Polypodium setiferum by Pehr Forskal, 1736-1768 of Sweden, and Polystichum aculeatum as well as other synonyms throughout the references. But it was Austrian Heinrich Woynar, 1865-1917 who made the final classification. Polystichum setiferum fern is native to Europe, particularly the southern, western and central lowlands.