• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 5 to 8 ft. tall, 3 to 6 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Showy, Fragrant Flowers
    Blooms:
    Late Spring through Early Summer
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:gar-DEEN-ee-uh jas-min-NOY-deez
    Plant type:Shrub
    Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
    Sunset climate zones:7 - 9, 12 - 16, 18 - 24
    Growth habit:Compact, Round
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 5 to 8 ft. tall, 3 to 6 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Late Spring through Early Summer
    Flower color:White
    Garden styleAsian/Zen, Cottage
    Design IdeasHere is a Gardenia with huge flowers that are as valuable to the tropical garden as they are to the traditional white moonlight landscape. Plant in sheltered locations as background foliage or up close and upwind as a single specimen to enjoy a long season of fragrance. Also does well in containers on balconies, porches and decks. Very versatile.
    Companion PlantsFuchsia (Fuchsia); Azalea (Azalea); Daphne (Daphne); Camellia (Camellia); Coral Bells (Heuchera)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in organically rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soils. Handle with care when transplanting; gardenia roots are best undisturbed. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Feed with an acid fertilizer after bloom. Keep roots cool with a thick layer of mulch.Pruning time: summer after flowering.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    Gardenia is a native of China where it has been cultivated for over a thousand years. Plants reached America directly from Asia in 1761. John Ellis cultivated them first at his South Carolina plantation. These would be the progenitor for all gardenias in England. Ellis named the genus for his friend, Dr. Alexander Garden, a physician of Charleston. Its chief propose for early cultivation was for the cut flower industry as a heavy fragrance corsage. Gardenia varieties are improved when grafted onto Gardenia thunbergii rootstock due to its superior root system and its resistance to Root-knot Nematodes, a key benefit to the southeastern part of the United States. The vigorous rootstock is more efficient at soil nutrient uptake.

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