• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial shade to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 2 to 4 ft. tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Showy Spring Flowers
    Blooms:
    Spring
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:az-ZAY-lee-uh
    Plant type:Shrub, Rhododendron
    Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
    Sunset climate zones:8, 9, 14 - 24
    Growth habit:Compact, Round
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 2 to 4 ft. tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Spring
    Flower color:Red
    Flower attributesShowy Flowers
    Garden styleAsian/Zen, Cottage
    Design IdeasThe unusual ruffled texture of 'Red Ruffles' stands out against simple backgrounds such as a stucco wall or planted among large leaf foliage plants. Use this plant selectively for showy color as a single patio tree or in mass to create a low hedge.
    Companion PlantsJapanese Maple (Acer palmatum); Gardenia (Gardenia); Hydrangea (Hydrangea); Bush Lily (Clivia); Camellia (Camellia); Oregon Grape Holly (Mahonia)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in humus-rich, acidic, moist, well-drained soils. Shelter from harsh sun exposures in hot summer areas. Water deeply, regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; once established, maintain evenly moist soil. Keep roots cool with a layer of mulch. Feed with an acid fertilizer after bloom.Pruning time: spring after flowering.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial shade to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    The American equivalent of Belgian Indian hybrids, Rutherford hybrids were developed in the 1920's in New Jersey as greenhouse forcing azaleas from R. simsii and R. indicum. Colors range from reddish orange, to purple and white. Many are have frilled leaves.
    Lore:
    Azaleas are among the few blooming plants found in the traditional Japanese tea garden, and the earliest known hybrids originated in Japan. All azaleas are actually classified under the genus Rhododendron, but share their own distinct taxonomical grouping.

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