• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Reaches 18 in. tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Deer Resistant
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:FOR-mi-um ten-AX
    Plant type:Perennial
    Sunset climate zones:7 - 9, 14 - 24
    Growth habit:Compact
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Reaches 18 in. tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Bronze
    Flower color:Red
    Garden styleContemporary, Tropical
    Design IdeasThese little bronze strap-leafed plants are resilient yet lend a decidedly tropical character to any planting. Smaller size means they fit nicely into city gardens, courtyards and along side yards. Excellent reed-like plant for contrast around water gardens or as part of a dry streambed. Even goes well in rock gardens. Try clumps of them in very unusual high-profile bronze or hammered copper containers, or glossy Asian glazed pots that contrast with their upright character. Victorians loved to plant them in Roman-style pedestal urns flanking an entry walk.
    Companion PlantsThis flax belongs in small gardens. Where there is a tropical theme, plant with other diminuitive exotics like Silvery Sunproof Lilyturf, (Liriope muscari 'Silvery Sunproof'), Heartleaf Bergenia, (Bergenia cordifolia), Spike Gayfeather, (Liatris spicata) and Miniature Gardenia, (Gardenia jasminoides 'Radicans'). Exceptionally nice with Peruvian Lily, (Alstroemeria-Hybrids) or Creeping Mahonia, (Mahonia repens)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. For a neat appearance, remove old foliage before new leaves emerge. Divide clumps every 2 to 3 years in early spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
  • History & Lore
    The Maori found that Phormiums bore leaves to as long as nine feet that contained strong fibers. These could be twisted into cordage and soft enough to weave into fabric for clothing.