• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall, 15 to 25 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Deer Resistant Evergreen
    Conifer; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:PY-nus NY-gra
    Plant type:Conifer
    Sunset climate zones:2 - 10, 14 - 21
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall, 15 to 25 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Dark Green
    Blooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.
    Garden styleAsian/Zen, Rustic
    Design IdeasA very resilient Pine for the poor soils or alkaline conditions in the Midwest and far West. It is remarkably tolerant of hot and cold wind and is a crucial component in shelterbelts and windbreaks. Adapts well to dry conditions in the West, both in semi-desert and mountain foothill regions where soils are thin and poor. Makes a very graceful single specimen for front yards, parks or expansive estate-sized landscapes.
    Companion PlantsJapanese Maple (Acer); Winterberry (Ilex); Switch Grass (Panicum); Dogwood (Cornus); Barberry (Berberis)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in deep, average, well-drained, sandy or gravelly loams, but highly adaptable to a wide range, except soggy soils. Water deeply, regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates occasional, moderate drought. Apply fertilizer in early spring.Pruning time: spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    This pine is native to an enormous range of Europe and western Asia where it attains a height of about 100 feet. It came into cultivation on the continent in 1759 and classified by Austrian botanist Johann Arnold who published it in his work on the flora in 1785. It did not reach Britain or the United States until 1835. However, over the years the Austrian pine has been given a number of different species by botanists various nationalities of 19th century Europe such as P. Laricio by Jean Poiret of France; P. austricaca by Franz Hoess of Austria, P. nigra var austriaca, Paul Ascherson, professor of botany in Berlin; and P. nigricans by the botanist and physician Nicholas Host. There are two subspecies or varieties, P. nigra var austriaca and P. n. 'Pyramidalis'.