• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly- weekly or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Fast growing to 40 to 60 ft. tall, 15 to 25 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Deer Resistant
    Conifer; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:PY-nus NY-gra
    Plant type:Conifer
    Sunset climate zones:2 - 10, 14 - 21
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Fast growing to 40 to 60 ft. tall, 15 to 25 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Dark Green
    Blooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.
    Garden styleAsian/Zen, Cottage
    Design IdeasA very resilient Pine for the poor soils or alkaline conditions in the Midwest and far West. It is remarkably tolerant of hot and cold wind and is a crucial component in shelterbelts and windbreaks. Adapts well to dry conditions in the West, both in semidesert and mountain foothill regions where soils are thin and poor. Makes a very graceful single specimen for front yards, parks or expansive estate-sized landscapes.
    Companion PlantsJapanese Maple (Acer); Winterberry (Ilex); Switch Grass (Panicum); Dogwood (Cornus); Barberry (Berberis)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly- weekly or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    This pine is native to an enormous range of Europe and western Asia where it attains a height of about 100 feet. It came into cultivation on the continent in 1759 and classified by Austrian botanist Johann Arnold who published it in his work on the flora in 1785. It did not reach Britain or the United States until 1835. However, over the years the Austrian pine has been given a number of different species by botanists various nationalities of 19th century Europe such as P. Laricio by Jean Poiret of France; P. austricaca by Franz Hoess of Austria, P. nigra var austriaca, Paul Ascherson, professor of botany in Berlin; and P. nigricans by the botanist and physician Nicholas Host. There are two subspecies or varieties, P. nigra var austriaca and P. n. 'Pyramidalis'.