Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Sun
Full sun
Watering Needs:
Water needs: Low
Once established, needs only occasional watering.
Average Landscape Size:
Average Landscape Size
Moderate grower to 30 ft. tall and wide with age.
Key Feature:
Key Feature
Waterwise
Blooms:
Flowering Time
Inconspicuous
Landscape Uses:
Landscape Uses
Botanical Pronunciation:pro-SO-pis chil-EN-sis
Plant type:Tree
Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
Growth habit:Spreading
Growth rate:Moderate
Average landscape size:Moderate grower to 30 ft. tall and wide with age.
Foliage color:Green
Blooms:Inconspicuous
Flower color:Green
Garden styleContemporary
Design IdeasFew trees can rival this Mesquite for its light filtered shade. A great native of the Southwest that should be planted as groves to render patios and porches less vulnerable to oppressive heat. Plant in natural groupings for best results, or as a single specimen for front yard or beside a back patio. Keep away from pools because litter is a problem. The perfect tree for Santa Fe-style or drought-resistant gardens with a decidedly tropical flare. Particularly well adapted to Western native landscapes.
Companion PlantsPlant Mesquite with lots of bright dryland perennials, such as Furman's Red Autumn Sage (Salvia greggii 'Furman's Red'), Compact Texas Sage (Leucophyllum frutescens 'Compactum') and the lovely blue Ground Morning Glory (Convolvulus mauritanicus). Add romance with Black Flowering Fountain Grass (Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Moudry') and Ivory Tower Yucca (Yucca Filamentosa 'Ivory Tower'). Top it off with Passion Vine (Passiflora pfordtii) or the rugged Barbara Karst Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea 'Barbara Karst').
Care Information
Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: winter.
Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Sun
Full sun
Watering Needs:
Water needs: Low
Once established, needs only occasional watering.
History:
Despite the fact that it is closely related to the mesquite of the desert Southwest, it is in fact an import from Chile where the climate is the mirror image in the Southern Hemisphere. These thornless trees fall into the pea family and like many legumes they are also nitrogen fixers. Its genus was given by the 19th century botanist, Dr. John Torrey, who classified it in his 1838 work, Flora of North America, which was co-authored with Asa Gray. Native Americans throughout its range used the trees for food fiber and implements. The Chilean mesquite has been widely planted in the Southwest and readily cross pollinates with the native species. Many spontaneous hybrids have appeared naturally which display qualities of both ancestors.
Lore:
Genus Prosopis includes the famous trees of the American Southwest that produce nutritious pods vital to the material culture of many Native American tribes within its range.