• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 30 ft. tall and wide with age.
    Key Feature:
    Drought Tolerant Specimen Tree
    Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:pro-SO-pis chil-EN-sis
    Plant type:Tree
    Growth habit:Spreading
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 30 ft. tall and wide with age.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.
    Flower color:Green
    Design IdeasFew trees can rival this Mesquite for its light filtered shade. A great native of the Southwest that should be planted as groves to render patios and porches less vulnerable to oppressive heat. Plant in natural groupings for best results, or as a single specimen for front yard or beside a back patio. Keep away from pools because litter is a problem. The perfect tree for Santa Fe-style or drought-resistant gardens with a decidedly tropical flare. Particularly well adapted to Western native landscapes.
    Companion PlantsTexas Ranger (Leucophyllum); Passion Flower (Passiflora); Yucca (Yucca); Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea); Ground Morning Glory (Convolvulus)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in lean, fast-draining soils. Water deeply, regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Once established, water only occasionally, as needed to encourage vigor; over-watering causes structurally weak wood. Fertilize lightly when new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    Despite the fact that it is closely related to the mesquite of the desert Southwest, it is in fact an import from Chile where the climate is the mirror image in the Southern Hemisphere. These thornless trees fall into the pea family and like many legumes they are also nitrogen fixers. Its genus was given by the 19th century botanist, Dr. John Torrey, who classified it in his 1838 work, Flora of North America, which was co-authored with Asa Gray. Native Americans throughout its range used the trees for food fiber and implements. The Chilean mesquite has been widely planted in the Southwest and readily cross pollinates with the native species. Many spontaneous hybrids have appeared naturally which display qualities of both ancestors.
    Genus Prosopis includes the famous trees of the American Southwest that produce nutritious pods vital to the material culture of many Native American tribes within its range.