Ratibida columniferaItem #6971 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 11
A colorful addition to natural-looking, easy-care borders. The drooping petals and columnar center have the effect of a Mexican sombrero. A native to the prairies and Western states. Perennial.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, needs only occasional watering.Average Landscape Size:Fast growing erect stems to 24 to 30 in. tall, 12 inches wide.Key Feature:Summer FloweringBlooms:SummerLandscape Uses:
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:ra-ti-BI-da co-lum-NI-feraPlant type:PerennialDeciduous/evergreen:HerbaceousSunset climate zones:1 - 24, 26 - 43Growth rate:FastAverage landscape size:Fast growing erect stems to 24 to 30 in. tall, 12 inches wide.Foliage color:GreenBlooms:SummerFlower color:YellowFlower attributesFlowers for CuttingDesign IdeasA super addition to the perennial border. Spot into sunny mixed plantings for fiery color. A perfect choice for the native and wild garden, particularly in the dryland prairie meadow. Integrates very well with southwestern natives and xeriscape gardens. A nectar source for wildlife and butterfly gardens.Companion PlantsIn its mid range, this perennial works well with Broom, such as Lilac Time Scotch Broom (Cytisus x 'Lilac Time') or Lena Scotch Broom (Cytisus x 'Lena'). Its grayish foliage and rusty colors make Paprika Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium 'Paprika') a good companion, while the lilac-pink of Herrenhausen Oregano (Origanum laevigatum 'Herrenhausen') provides contrast.
- CareCare InformationFollow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, needs only occasional watering.
- History & LoreHistory:This native of the Midwestern prairie grassland tends to occur in the drier part of the range. This flower is a member of the Composite family which is the largest, containing 900 genera and 10,000 different species. This genus classified first as Lepachys by Constantino Rafinesque-Schmaltz 1784-1842, professor of natural history in Lexington, Kentucky. It was he who later reclassified the plant into genus Ratibida, but why he chose the odd name remains unknown. This plant is often confused with the similar genus Rudbeckia and was for a time classified among them. Its current species was given by Elmer Wooton of Arlington, Virginia and his associate Paul Standley of the Chicago Natural History Museum. The name describing the central seed cone of the flower that elongates as it matures.Lore:Native Americans created a medicinal tea of this plant's stems and leaves to relieve skin pain and snakebites.