• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Slow growing to 10 to 12 ft. tall, 6 to 10 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Ornamental Berries
    Late spring
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:RAM-nus FRANG-u-la
    Plant type:Shrub
    Growth habit:Spreading
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Slow growing to 10 to 12 ft. tall, 6 to 10 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Late spring
    Flower color:Green
    Flower attributesFragrant
    Garden styleContemporary
    Design IdeasWith its upright growth and spreading branches, this shrub makes a fine hedge or screen. Use to create privacy around urban outdoor living areas or spa. Divides homesites in front yard or sideyard where screening from unsightly adjacent land uses is important. Makes an interesting background for high contrast specimen plants, fountains and garden art.
    Companion PlantsFor the wildlife garden, plant this with other berry shrubs such as Dwarf Cranberry Bush Viburnum (Viburnum trilobum 'Compactum') and Oregon Grape Holly (Mahonia aquifolium). In its shade, include the green and white foliage of Francee Plantain Lily (Hosta x 'Francee') or Variegated Plantain Lily (Hosta undulata 'Variegata').
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: early spring.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    This rugged shrub belongs to the Buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae. It is comprised of about 50 genera of trees and shrubs, often spiny. The genus was named by Linnaeus from the ancient Greek vernacular for the Mediterranean species. Most others are native to the Northern Hemisphere with a few exceptions in the tropics. The strange sounding species, frangula was derived from an old European name for this specific species which is also found in North Africa and Central Asia. This variety, 'Asplenifolia' was named and classified by German botanist Ludwig Dippel, 1827-1914.
    The species Rhamnus frangula has naturalized in the eastern United States and may threaten native vegetation in the wetlands.