• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing to 4 to 12 ft. tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Ornamental Berries
    Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and ornamental berries.
  • Detail
    Plant type:Shrub
    Growth habit:Rounded
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing to 4 to 12 ft. tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and ornamental berries.
    Flower color:White
    Garden styleRustic
    Design IdeasA colorful native shrub for wild and habitat gardens. Exceptional off season color for water conservative landscape. Perfect for cabins and rural sites as well as expansive suburban grounds. May be used as a screen for privacy or to block views of unsightly land uses. Vital to the winter or holiday decorator's garden and flower arrangers too.
    Companion PlantsCombine with other natives such as Autumn Brilliance Apple Serviceberry, (Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'), Eastern Redbud, (Cercis canadensis), Cherokee Sweetgum, (Liquidambar styraciflua 'Ward') and Big Bluestem, (Andropogon gerardii).
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. For a tidy, neat appearance, shear to shape in early spring.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    This native shrub or small tree is native to a huge range of North America from central states to the east coast. It is found on poorly drained limestone soils and is a wetland indicator plant. This variety is the result of a branch sport discovered at Otis Warren and Son Nursery, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Birds, deer and of course, opossums are attracted to the fruit.