Vitis labrusca 'Delaware'Item #7632 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 8
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Vigorous deciduous vine with bold-textured, deep green foliage. Grown for its clusters of small round red berries. Ripens in early midseason. A sweet dessert grape. Well suited for short seasons.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, needs only occasional deep watering.Average Landscape Size:Fast-growing vine to 20 to 25 ft. each year.Key Feature:EdibleBlooms:InconspicuousLandscape Uses:
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:VI-tisPlant type:Vine - Requires SupportDeciduous/evergreen:DeciduousGrowth rate:FastAverage landscape size:Fast-growing vine to 20 to 25 ft. each year.Special features:Attracts Birds, Edible, Fall Color, North American Native Selection, Showy Fruit, Year-round InterestFoliage color:GreenBlooms:InconspicuousFlower color:GreenGarden styleMediterraneanDesign IdeasGrapes can grow wherever there is direct sun and sufficient air circulation. They're traditionally trained overhead onto shade arbors over outdoor living spaces. Also popular for training along fence lines and up over arbor gateways. May be cultivated on standard wire trellis used in commercial vineyards.Companion PlantsThis northern grape variety belongs in fruit gardens with other equally hardy producers such as Northland Midseason Blueberry, (Vaccinium corymbosum 'Northland'), Heritage Raspberry, (Rubus idaeus 'Heritage'), Arp Rosemary, (Rosmarinus officinalis 'Arp') and Black Satin Blackberry, (Rubus ursinus 'Black Satin').
- CareCare InformationFollow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer. Provide support such as a trellis or arbor. Prune annually to control size.Pruning time: winter.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, needs only occasional deep watering.
- History & LoreHistory:The European grape, Vitis vinifera is age old but limited to warm climates with a long growing season. . To expand cultivation into northern states, breeders began working with a wild American native, V. labrusca which matured over a much shorter season. It is native from New England to Georgia with widespread adaptability in more humid climates. It was crossed with the European to produce the Concord grape and then this variety followed for home gardens.Lore:It is believed that the European grape originated in Asia Minor, probably around Turkey, from a wild plant that produced small fruit. Over millennia it was selected for ever larger fruit to eventually produce the array of wine grapes cultivated today.