• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Slowly reaches 15 to 20 ft. tall, 10 to 15 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Produces Excellent Olives
    Blooms:
    Late Spring
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:OH-lee-a yu-RO-pee-a
    Plant type:Tree
    Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
    Growth habit:Round
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Slowly reaches 15 to 20 ft. tall, 10 to 15 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Gray-green
    Blooms:Late Spring
    Flower color:White
    Garden styleMediterranean, Rustic
    Companion PlantsItalian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens); Pomegranate (Punica); Lavender (Lavandula); Chaste Tree (Vitex); Sea Lavender (Limonium); Rock Rose (Cistus)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in average to lean, well-drained soils; tolerates high pH, poor soils. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish extensive root system. Once established in landscape, reduce frequency; heat and drought tolerant. Older trees are often more cold tolerant, to about 15 degrees F. Avoid pruning during periods of rainfall.Pruning time: spring or summer.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    This variety was discovered by Alfred Haas in 1972 as a chance seedling tree growing near an orchard of Manzanillo variety olives near Lindsay, California, U.S. In addition to the differences in fruit to pit ratio, a tighter branching structure was noted, resulting in a shorter, stockier limb structure over Manzanillo, which would potentially be an advantage in mechanical harvesting. Selected for its merits when it reached maturity in 1981, it was reproduced by leaf cuttings and grafting of hardwood scions onto various rootstock. The fruit and tree characteristics of the progeny in all cases proved identical with the new variety.
    Lore:
    The name for the genus is derived from the Latin word for this plant 'oliva'. Known as the "olive of Seville", the most common variety of Spanish olive is Manzanillo, the classic small green olive often sold salted in Spanish markets. It is also ranked as the world's number one table olive. The Manzanillo variety was imported to the U.S. from Spain in the late 1800s. Fruit color ranges from absinthe green to various shades of red, to black depending on stage of harvest. The name is often misspelled as Manzanilla.