Black Japanese Maple
Black Japanese Maple
Acer palmatum 'Nigrum'Item #0104 USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 - 8
This Plant's Availability
Attractive small garden or patio tree displays black-red new foliage, maturing to deep purple-red. Useful small tree for garden accents, also great in containers and as bonsai. Deciduous.
- OverviewLight Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.Average Landscape Size:Slow growing to 12 to 16 ft. tall, 10 to 12 ft. wide.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:Ay-ser pal-MA-tumPlant type:TreeDeciduous/evergreen:DeciduousSunset climate zones:2 - 10, 12, 14 - 24, 31 - 41Growth habit:RoundGrowth rate:SlowAverage landscape size:Slow growing to 12 to 16 ft. tall, 10 to 12 ft. wide.Foliage color:RedBlooms:InconspicuousGarden styleAsian/ZenDesign IdeasThe smaller size of Japanese maples, and when they bear season long foliage color become a most valuable tree for home landscapes. No other tree conveys the Asian or Japanese garden character to a landscape whether traditional or a spare zen-like modern design. But these maples also belong in natural groves of much larger trees because the shelter of high canopies ensure they attain their richest foliage hues. Their preference for acidic soils also make them perfectly adapted to grow within the influence of needled evergreens. Smaller stature is excellent for foundation beds around homes and in naturalistic drifts of landscape. They are ideal for urban gardens where plants are protected by buildings from wind and sun. Maples even do well in large containers for porch, patio or terrace.Companion PlantsCombine Japanese maple with Higasa Satsuki Azalea, (Azalea satsuki 'Higasa') or the hardier deciduous Golden Lights Azalea, (Azalea x 'Golden Lights'). Grow it with vividly contrasting foliage plants such as Sunsation Japanese Barberry, (Berberis thunbergii 'Monry'), All Gold Japanese Forest Grass, (Hakonechloa macra 'All Gold') and Golden Variegated Sweet Flag, (Acorus gramineus 'Ogon'). For traditional Japanese gardens pair with Cheal's Weeping Cherry, (Prunus serrulata 'Kiku-shidare zakura').
- CareCare InformationFollow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: winter.Light Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
- History & LoreHistory:This species may be the most widely bred of the entire Acer clan. First A. palmatum plants are credited to Carl Thunberg who classified them after his return to Europe from Japan in 1820. Although called Japanese maple, the species is native to China and Korea as well. Its dark red coloring identifies this plant among the Atropurpureum group, first developed when breeding began after 1857. The maple family Aceraceaeholds just two genera named from the old European name for maples. There are about 200 species from northern temperate rergions around the world.Lore:This maple and its cultivars are essentials of the Japanese tea gardens. Its vivid leaves are considered to be the flowers of autumn. Maple is balanced in spring with the flowering cherries, which together are the quintessential symbols of seasonal cha