• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Dramatic Foliage Color
    Occasionally blooms in summer; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:FOR-mee-um
    Plant type:Perennial
    Growth habit:Compact
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Black
    Blooms:Occasionally blooms in summer; prized for foliage.
    Flower color:Pink
    Design IdeasThis vibrant colored flax is well suited to mid-century modern and post modern compositions for dramatic high contrast color and texture. A natural in tropical landscaping with large leaf exotics and hot colored flowers. Use to soften building edges and as foundation planting. Smaller stature makes this one suited to urban and tight suburban settings. It's a powerful way to highlight important places in the garden. In a more naturalistic setting in sizeable landscapes, plant in groups for massive effect. Works particularly well around pools, ponds and rock waterfalls. Makes a striking potted specimen.
    Companion PlantsMirror Plant (Coprosma); Canna (Canna); Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia); Butterfly Bush (Buddleja); Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea); Variegated Brush Cherry (Eugenia)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Easily grown in average to fertile, well-drained soil. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season; once established, reduce frequency. Remove old or damaged foliage as needed for a neat, tidy appearance. Divide clumps every 2 to 3 years in early spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
  • History & Lore
    This cultivar was selected by Mr.. Graham Platt of Platt's Nursery, Aukland, New Zealand, where the vast majority of Phormium cultivars develop. This is because the native tui bird of New Zealand is the only pollinator for these uniquely flowered plants. This one was selected from seedlings produced by 'Black Knight'. The genus is classified in the Agave family from which many other fibrous leafed plants are derived.
    New Zealand flax plants were used extensively by the indigenous Maori people of that region. The fibers inside the leaves led to the common name, flax, referring to the European fiber plant that is totally unrelated. Maori harvested the fibers and used the to weave cloth, mats and baskets.