• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 8 ft. tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Vivid Red Berries
    Blooms:
    Inconspicuous summer flowers; prized for foliage and ornamental berries.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:I-leks ver-ti-si-LA-ta
    Plant type:Shrub
    Deciduous/evergreen:Deciduous
    Growth habit:Round
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 8 ft. tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous summer flowers; prized for foliage and ornamental berries.
    Flower color:White
    Companion PlantsPeony (Paeonia); Lily of the Valley Shrub (Pieris); Astilbe (Astilbe); Azalea (Azalea); False Holly (Osmanthus); Sweetspire (Itea)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Provide organically rich, acidic, moist, loamy soil; tolerates wet, heavy soils. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; once established, water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil. Apply fertilizer and prune annually to shape before new growth emerges in late winter to early spring.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: High
    Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    Ilex verticillata is native to eastern North America where it is typically found in low elevation wooded areas, along ponds and streams, and in damp thickets, and swamps.
    Lore:
    Ilex verticillata are dioecious, meaning there are distinctly separate male and female plants. The attractive red berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Winter Red', if a male variety is nearby to provide pollen. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. 'Winter Red' is a late-blooming winterberry that produces female flowers in early summer and is best partnered with a correlating late-blooming male winterberry.

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