• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly - weekly, or more in extreme heat; less once established.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 35 to 45 ft. tall, 25 to 35 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Golden Fall Color
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:kar-PY-nus BET-ew-lus
    Plant type:Tree
    Sunset climate zones:2 - 9, 14 - 17
    Growth habit:Pyramidal
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 35 to 45 ft. tall, 25 to 35 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Dark Green
    Flower color:Yellow
    Garden styleContemporary, Cottage
    Design IdeasWell proven tree for boulevards, parks and institutional landscapes. Nice shade tree for narrow suburban yards and for visually dividing closely placed multistory homes. The favorite form for allees and pleached effects in the European style. In a windrow, hornbeam makes a fine large scale visual screen or windbreak.
    Companion PlantsPine (Pinus); Red Maple (Acer Rubrum); Maidenhair (Ginkgo); Spruce (Picea); Harry Lauder's Walking Stick (Corylus avellana 'Contorta'); Purple European Beech (Fagus)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Provide well-draining soil. Follow a regular schedule of deep waterings during first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce watering frequency once established. Apply fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Minimal pruning required in natural form; as a hedge, prune in winter while dormant.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly - weekly, or more in extreme heat; less once established.
  • History & Lore
    The European hornbeam is native to Europe eastward to central Asia. It has been in cultivation for so long there is no date of introduction. It was introduced into North America during colonial times. This fastigiate form was introduced in 1883.
    Hornbeam is a favorite tree for the art of pleaching, which is a form of topiary on a monstrous scale. This species withstands frequent shearing and is often planted into allees in Britain.


Walpole Gardens: London. View onto circular tile and brick sunken patio with brick steps and garden door to street. Betula utilis 'Jacquemontii', Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle', Carpinus betulus, Buxus sempervivens, Pittosporum tobira 'Nanum', Erigeron karvinskiansus, Heuchera 'Rave On'
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