• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing to 35 to 45 ft. tall, 25 to 35 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Fall Color
    Blooms:
    Inconspicuous
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:kar-PY-nus BET-ew-lus
    Plant type:Tree
    Deciduous/evergreen:Deciduous
    Sunset climate zones:2 - 9, 14 - 17
    Growth habit:Pyramidal
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing to 35 to 45 ft. tall, 25 to 35 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Dark Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous
    Flower color:Yellow
    Design IdeasWell proven tree for boulevards, parks and institutional landscapes. Nice shade tree for narrow suburban yards and for visually dividing closely placed multistory homes. The favorite form for allees and pleached effects in the European style. In a windrow, hornbeam makes a fine large scale visual screen or windbreak.
    Companion PlantsGreat with evergreen Oriental Spruce, (Picea orientalis 'Atrovirens') and Austrian Pine, (Pinus nigra). Exceptional color companions include Autumn Gold Maidenhair, (Ginkgo biloba 'Autumn Gold') and River's Purple European Beech, (Fagus sylvatica 'Riversii').
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    The European hornbeam is native to Europe eastward to central Asia. It has been in cultivation for so long there is no date of introduction. It was introduced into North America during colonial times. This fastigiate form was introduced in 1883.
    Lore:
    Hornbeam is a favorite tree for the art of pleaching, which is a form of topiary on a monstrous scale. This species withstands frequent shearing and is often planted into allees in Britain.