• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain constantly moist soil.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Fast growing to 2 ft. tall when in bloom, spreads to 2 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Fall Flowering
    Late summer to fall.
  • Detail
    Plant type:Perennial
    Sunset climate zones:3 - 9, 14 - 17, 28 - 43
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Fast growing to 2 ft. tall when in bloom, spreads to 2 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Late summer to fall.
    Flower color:Pink
    Design IdeasTurtlehead is a valuable problem solver for poorly drained sites. Wide adaptability to radically differing climates and as a North American native it has all the qualities of a superior perennial. Well suited to middle of the perennial border and blended into mixed plantings. Super foundation plant where drainage is problematic. A natural plant for wild gardens and those composed of locally native species. Its habitat tells us turtlehead is excellent around bogs and water gardens where soils may be perennially moist from splash and spay. Plant in irregular groupings for masses of foliage and flowers.
    Companion PlantsCardinal Flower (Lobelia); Bee Balm (Monarda); Joe-Pye Weed (Eupatorium); Japanese Water Iris (Iri); Spiderwort (Tradescantia)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Best in full to dappled shade; protect from harsh sun. For a neat appearance, remove old foliage before new leaves emerge. Divide clumps every 2 to 3 years in early spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Shade
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: High
    Water regularly to maintain constantly moist soil.
  • History & Lore
    This perennial is native to the wetlands of the southern Appalachian region including the states of Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia. It falls into the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae, which contains 190 genera including other North American natives such as Penstemon and garden foxgloves. The was named after the Greek for turtle, which refers to the shape of the corolla of the flowers, hence the common name as well. There about 8 known species and only a few are cultivated. This species is named for early American botanist John Lyon who died in 1818.
    Turtlehead is among the most promising of our eastern natives for cultivated gardens. Naturally found from Maine and Minnesota to Mississippi and Florida, its broad adaptatation to such varying climates makes it a willing wild one for tamed backyard gard