Nyssa sylvaticaItem #6295 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 9
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Awesome display of orange-yellow-scarlet foliage in fall turns to a dramatic show of bare, red-tinged branches in winter. Dark blue fruit attracts birds. Terrific garden tree. Deciduous.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.Average Landscape Size:Moderate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, 20 to 30 ft. wide, or larger.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:NIS-a sil-VAT-i-kaPlant type:TreeDeciduous/evergreen:DeciduousGrowth habit:RoundedGrowth rate:ModerateAverage landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, 20 to 30 ft. wide, or larger.Special features:Attractive Bark, Bird Friendly, Fall Color, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Road Salt, Waterwise, Year-round InterestFoliage color:Dark GreenBlooms:Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.Design IdeasThis beautiful native of the Southeast is an excellent tree for low and damp areas. Use as a shade tree in wild and native gardens. Place in the back of the landscape, where it has room to flourish.Companion PlantsSweetgum (Liquidambar); Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora); Yellow Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea); Swamp Jessamine (Gelsemium); Carolina Allspice (Calycanthus floridus)
- CareCare InformationProvide deep, acidic, moist, well-drained soil. Water deeply and regularly during the first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established prefers evenly moist soil, but tolerates dry spells and heavy moisture. Apply fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Prune for shape and structure in winter.Pruning time: winter.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
- History & LoreHistory:This native tree enjoys a very large range of low swampy sites extending from Canada to Florida and west to Texas into Mexico. An important tree to the honey industry introduced to Europe in 1750. It was classified by Humphrey Marshall of Pennsylvania.Lore:Linnaeus who conferred the name, Nyssa, after a mythological water nymph to describe the tree's preference for watery sites.