• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, 20 to 30 ft. wide, or larger.
    Key Feature:
    Exceptional Fall Color
    Blooms:
    Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:NIS-a sil-VAT-i-ka
    Plant type:Tree
    Deciduous/evergreen:Deciduous
    Growth habit:Rounded
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, 20 to 30 ft. wide, or larger.
    Foliage color:Dark Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.
    Design IdeasThis beautiful native of the Southeast is an excellent tree for low and damp areas. Use as a shade tree in wild and native gardens. Place in the back of the landscape, where it has room to flourish.
    Companion PlantsSweetgum (Liquidambar); Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora); Yellow Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea); Swamp Jessamine (Gelsemium); Carolina Allspice (Calycanthus floridus)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Provide deep, acidic, moist, well-drained soil. Water deeply and regularly during the first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established prefers evenly moist soil, but tolerates dry spells and heavy moisture. Apply fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Prune for shape and structure in winter.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    This native tree enjoys a very large range of low swampy sites extending from Canada to Florida and west to Texas into Mexico. An important tree to the honey industry introduced to Europe in 1750. It was classified by Humphrey Marshall of Pennsylvania.
    Lore:
    Linnaeus who conferred the name, Nyssa, after a mythological water nymph to describe the tree's preference for watery sites.