• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial shade to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate grower, reaches 6 to 8 in. tall, 12 in. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Compact Habit
    Early Spring
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:a-kwi-LEE-jee-a fla-bel-AH-tuh
    Plant type:Perennial
    Growth habit:Compact
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate grower, reaches 6 to 8 in. tall, 12 in. wide.
    Foliage color:Gray-green
    Blooms:Early Spring
    Flower color:Blue
    Garden styleCottage
    Design IdeasColumbines are wonderfully versatile and fit into virtually any kind of garden. Their origins in the western woodlands make them perfect for semishaded conditions beneath native tree canopies as well as under shade and street trees. Adaptation to wild garden settings and compatibility of the hybrids with natives adapts well to informal naturalistic settings. Bright new colors are equally at home in cottage and country gardens. For small spaces and minimal yards these flowers offer a lot, both their delicate flowers and foliage along with the remarkably wiry stems, all best appreciated at close range.
    Companion PlantsCoral Bells (Heuchera); Anemone (Anemone); Hosta (Hosta); Lungwort (Pulmonaria); Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep extensive root system. Best kept with evenly moist soil, but not soggy. Cut back hard and feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Trim off dead flowers to encourage re-bloom.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial shade to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    This large genus of perennials is native to the North Temperate zones including a large percentage from North America. Modern hybrids are traced back to two species: A. caerrulea, a native of the Rocky Mountains and A. chrysantha native further south and ranging into Texas. But this species is unique, derived from Japan where it is known as the Japanese fan columbine.
    Columbine has always been associated with doves, known as columba in Latin, and so became a symbol of the Holy Spirit in Medieval Europe.