• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Irregular, erect stems; grows to 3 to 6 ft. tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Year-Round Interest
    Blooms:
    Spring flowers, followed by summer berries.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:ma-HOH-nee-a a-kwi-FOH-li-um
    Plant type:Shrub
    Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
    Sunset climate zones:2 - 12, 14 - 24
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Irregular, erect stems; grows to 3 to 6 ft. tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Spring flowers, followed by summer berries.
    Flower color:Yellow
    Flower attributesFragrant, Showy Flowers
    Design IdeasThis valuable Western native is at home under the high canopies of the pine and fir forests of its home range on the Pacific Coast. A very appropriate plant for natural wild gardens in the Western states, where it is reliably deer resistant. Tall and thin, it is perfect for very narrow spaces at tight gateways and side yards. Often planted hedge-style against fences and walls, but may be used as a freestanding hedge in narrow slots between driveways. Blends into plantings of acid-loving shrubs and trees. Fills odd spots and covers water pipe valves and utility boxes. A common plant in both drought-resistant and Western native landscapes. Works well in Japanese gardens.
    Companion PlantsClethra (Clethra); Azalea (Azalea); Sweetspire (Itea); Fothergilla (Fothergilla); Iris (Iris)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in enriched, acidic, well-drained soils, away from strong winds and harsh sun. Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer in spring. Plant two or more for best berry production. Slowly spreads; prune suckers promptly, unless naturalizing is desired.Pruning time: spring after flowering.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    This evergreen shrub is native to North America, specifically to conifer forests and rocky woodlands of the Pacific Northwest, from British Columbia to northern California. This species was previously classified under the genus Berberis, and is synonymous with Berberis aquifolium.
    Lore:
    The genus name Mahonia honors American horticulturist Bernard McMahon (1775-1816). Mahonia aquifolium is knownby many different common names including Oregon grape, hollygrape or grapeholly. The slightly fragrant flowers are the state flower of Oregon. They are followed by clusters of edible berries that are not particularly tasty when eaten fresh, but can be used to make jellies and preserves.