Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Sun
Full sun
Watering Needs:
Water needs: Moderate
Once established, needs only occasional watering.
Average Landscape Size:
Average Landscape Size
Slow growing to 3-5 ft. tall, 6-10 ft. wide in 10 years.
Key Feature:
Key Feature
Rock Garden Plant
Blooms:
Flowering Time
Does not flower
Botanical Pronunciation:PY-nus MEW-goh
Plant type:Groundcover, Conifer
Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
Sunset climate zones:1 - 11, 14 - 24, 32 - 45
Growth rate:Slow
Average landscape size:Slow growing to 3-5 ft. tall, 6-10 ft. wide in 10 years.
Foliage color:Dark Green
Blooms:Does not flower
Garden styleAsian/Zen
Design IdeasAlthough Mugo Pine can grow taller with age, in the Japanese garden it is very carefully clipped into a neat mounding form. Of the small conifers, this is the easiest to grow in gardens and is often used individually or in small clusters with boulders. Has become popular as an evergreen contrast in perennial borders, but it's best used amidst other dwarf shrubs needing texture variations.
Companion PlantsContrast the form and texture of Dwarf Mugo Pine with the Alpine beauty of Winterberry, Foamflower, Lady's Mantle and Daphne. As an addition to an Asian garden, pruned to a tight globe, pair with Peony, Japanese Maple, Rose of Sharon, Bamboo, Hinoki Cypress and Barberry.
Care Information
Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: spring.
Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Sun
Full sun
Watering Needs:
Water needs: Moderate
Once established, needs only occasional watering.
History:
P. mugo is native to the high elevation, mountain regions of Central and Southern Europe. It was first introduced into Denmark in 1798 and became widely grown in Europe commercially since 1860. It was often used to stabilize coastal sand dune areas in Norway, Sweden, Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Finland and Estonia. P.m. pumilio variety is native to the Alps regions of Austria and Switzerland, as well as Bulgaria, Romania, Italy and what was once Yugoslavia. While a variety of pines are popular for use in essential oils and fragrances, P. m. pumilio should not be use for that purpose due to its toxic or damaging affects.