Dwarf Mugo Pine
Dwarf Mugo Pine
Pinus mugo var. pumilioItem #6545 USDA Hardiness Zone: 2 - 8
A popular dwarf conifer displaying dark green needles on dense branches. A very useful, slow growing evergreen for rock gardens, mass plantings, and in mixed groupings with broadleaf plants. Makes a great container specimen.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.Average Landscape Size:Slow growing; reaches 3 to 5 ft. tall, 6 to 10 ft. wide in 10 years.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:PY-nus MEW-gohDeciduous/evergreen:EvergreenSunset climate zones:1 - 11, 14 - 24, 32 - 45Growth rate:SlowAverage landscape size:Slow growing; reaches 3 to 5 ft. tall, 6 to 10 ft. wide in 10 years.Foliage color:Dark GreenBlooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.Design IdeasAlthough Mugo Pine can grow taller with age, in the Japanese garden it is very carefully clipped into a neat mounding form. Of the small conifers, this is the easiest to grow in gardens and is often used individually or in small clusters with boulders. Has become popular as an evergreen contrast in perennial borders, but it's best used amidst other dwarf shrubs needing texture variations.Companion PlantsJapanese Maple (Acer); Winterberry (Ilex); Switch Grass (Panicum); Dogwood (Cornus); Barberry (Berberis)
- CareCare InformationGrows easily in enriched, loamy and well-drained soils. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce frequency, once established. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: spring.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
- History & LoreHistory:P. mugo is native to the high elevation, mountain regions of Central and Southern Europe. It was first introduced into Denmark in 1798 and became widely grown in Europe commercially since 1860. It was often used to stabilize coastal sand dune areas in Norway, Sweden, Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Finland and Estonia. P.m. pumilio variety is native to the Alps regions of Austria and Switzerland, as well as Bulgaria, Romania, Italy and what was once Yugoslavia. While a variety of pines are popular for use in essential oils and fragrances, P. m. pumilio should not be use for that purpose due to its toxic or damaging affects.