• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Reaches 25 ft. tall, 15 ft. wide; 50 ft. tall, 25 ft. wide in ideal conditions.
    Key Feature:
    Deer Resistant Evergreen
    Blooms:
    Conifer; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:PY-see-a GLAW-ka den-SAY-ta
    Plant type:Conifer
    Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
    Sunset climate zones:1 - 6
    Growth habit:Compact, Pyramidal
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Reaches 25 ft. tall, 15 ft. wide; 50 ft. tall, 25 ft. wide in ideal conditions.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.
    Design IdeasThis is a useful mid-sized blue-colored spruce that works perfectly in the suburban landscape. Use as background foliage for colorful seasonal plantings. A great candidate for naturalistic woodlands needing a reliable conifer that won't spread out too much. Consider it as a single specimen for semi-formal schemes or exploit its columnar form by planting matched pairs in symmetrical landscapes. Dense and rugged enough for small windbreaks at backyard scale or to flesh out larger Midwestern shelterbelts.
    Companion PlantsFountain Grass (Pennisetum); Smoke Tree (Cotinus); Potentilla (Potentilla); Dwarf Ninebark (Physocarpus); Salvia (Salvia)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Grows easily in loose, sandy or gravelly loam to fine clay soils with slightly acidic pH and even moisture. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates mild drought. Apply fertilizer in early spring. Slow growing; needs no pruning.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    The Black Hills Spruce (Picea glauca densata) is the state tree of South Dakota. It is found naturally only in southwest South Dakota and a small portion of northeast Wyoming, and is the only spruce native to the Black Hills region.
    Lore:
    Plains Indians used the inner bark and shoots of the Black Hills Spruce for food and the hardened sap for gum. The trunks were used for tipi poles. The small tan cones that arrive in summer and persist into early winter produce seed that is a valuable food source for songbirds and small mammals, while the bark is palatable to porcupines and the foliage is occasionally browsed on by deer.

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