Black Hills Spruce
Black Hills Spruce
Picea glauca 'Densata'Item #6465 USDA Hardiness Zone: 2 - 8
Highly desirable naturally symmetrical cone shape with a denser, more compact habit than the white spruce, making it very resistant to winter injury. New bright green foliage matures to blue-green. Provides winter cover, nesting sites and forage for birds and wildlife. Fantastic as a landscape accent, or in groupings as a windbreak or screen.
- OverviewLight Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.Average Landscape Size:Reaches 25 ft. tall, 15 ft. wide; 50 ft. tall, 25 ft. wide in ideal conditions.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:PY-see-a GLAW-ka den-SAY-taPlant type:ConiferDeciduous/evergreen:EvergreenSunset climate zones:1 - 6Growth habit:Compact, PyramidalGrowth rate:SlowAverage landscape size:Reaches 25 ft. tall, 15 ft. wide; 50 ft. tall, 25 ft. wide in ideal conditions.Special features:Bird Friendly, Compact Form, Easy Care, Fast Growing, North American Native SelectionFoliage color:GreenBlooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.Design IdeasThis is a useful mid-sized blue-colored spruce that works perfectly in the suburban landscape. Use as background foliage for colorful seasonal plantings. A great candidate for naturalistic woodlands needing a reliable conifer that won't spread out too much. Consider it as a single specimen for semi-formal schemes or exploit its columnar form by planting matched pairs in symmetrical landscapes. Dense and rugged enough for small windbreaks at backyard scale or to flesh out larger Midwestern shelterbelts.Companion PlantsFountain Grass (Pennisetum); Smoke Tree (Cotinus); Potentilla (Potentilla); Dwarf Ninebark (Physocarpus); Salvia (Salvia)
- CareCare InformationGrows easily in loose, sandy or gravelly loam to fine clay soils with slightly acidic pH and even moisture. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates mild drought. Apply fertilizer in early spring. Slow growing; needs no pruning.Light Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
- History & LoreHistory:The Black Hills Spruce (Picea glauca densata) is the state tree of South Dakota. It is found naturally only in southwest South Dakota and a small portion of northeast Wyoming, and is the only spruce native to the Black Hills region.Lore:Plains Indians used the inner bark and shoots of the Black Hills Spruce for food and the hardened sap for gum. The trunks were used for tipi poles. The small tan cones that arrive in summer and persist into early winter produce seed that is a valuable food source for songbirds and small mammals, while the bark is palatable to porcupines and the foliage is occasionally browsed on by deer.