• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Shade
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly, weekly or more often in extreme heat. Tolerates dry shade conditions when established.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Average Landscape Size
    Moderate growing 2 to 3 ft. tall, spreading.
    Key Feature:
    Key Feature
    Shade Loving
    Blooms:
    Flowering Time
    Does not flower
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:pol-LIST-ik-um say-TI-fe-rum
    Plant type:Fern
    Deciduous/evergreen:Semi-evergreen
    Growth habit:Spreading
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing 2 to 3 ft. tall, spreading.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Does not flower
    Garden styleCottage
    Design IdeasThis is an excellent hardy Fern that takes colder climates by dying back with frost. Plant under trees, in dark corners and shaded alcoves. Also works well in light-challenged atriums and courtyards. As a North American native, it's the perfect easy Fern for woodland and wild gardens.
  • Care
    Care Information
    Easily grown in fertile, evenly moist, well-drained soil. Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Avoid excessive soil moisture in winter. Feed regularly during growing season. Cut back old fronds when new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Shade
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly, weekly or more often in extreme heat. Tolerates dry shade conditions when established.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    This genus of ferns known collectively as "holly" ferns are so named for their sometimes prickly foliage. The genus was classified by German botanist Albrecht Roth, 1757-1834, who named it from the Greek for many rows, to describe the pattern of sori on the backs of the leaves. Many of the ferns in this contemporary classifications were formally know under genus Aspidium. This species is native to most regions of the world except the Arctic. It formerly went by the names Polypodium setiferum by Pehr Forskal, 1736-1768 of Sweden, and Polystichum aculeatum as well as other synonyms throughout the references. But it was Austrian Heinrich Woynar, 1865-1917 who made the final classification. Polystichum setiferum fern is native to Europe, particularly the southern, western and central lowlands.