• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Slow growing to 4 to 6 ft. tall and wide.
    Key Feature:
    Deer Resistant
    Blooms:
    Spring
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:I-leks a-kwi-FO-li-um
    Plant type:Shrub
    Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
    Growth habit:Pyramidal
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Slow growing to 4 to 6 ft. tall and wide.
    Foliage color:Variegated
    Blooms:Spring
    Flower color:White
    Patent Act:Asexual reproduction of plants protected by the Plant Patent Act is prohibited during the life of the patent.
    Design IdeasAdd interest to your winter garden and have a fresh supply of holiday greenery for wreaths and garlands. The golden edged foliage will add a special glow. The English Holly is very shade tolerant and will add light and interest to a woodland understory or a sunny wildlife garden.
    Companion PlantsCombine in a woodland understory with large leaf Hostas and Heucheras and blooming Astilbe and Fumewort. The purple foliage of Barberry, Smoke Tree and Ninebark contrast nicely with the golden variegation.
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. For a tidy, neat appearance, shear annually to shape.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    I. aquafolium is native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. Western cultures use English Holly as a traditional Chrismas decoration, especially in wreaths. The wood is hard and very light. Traditionally it has been used to make the white chess pieces, while ebony was used to make the black. Ingestion of berries on the female varieties may cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea in humans, but is an important food source for birds.