Vitis labrusca 'Catawba'Item #7631 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 8
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Vigorous, hardy, deciduous vine with bold-textured, deep green foliage. Grown for its medium-size clusters of round dull purple-red grapes. Catawba grapes are well-suited for jellies and juices, and for sweet white, red and rosé wines. Fruit ripens late in the season.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:VI-tis luh-BRUS-kuhPlant type:Vine - Requires SupportDeciduous/evergreen:DeciduousGrowth rate:FastAverage landscape size:Fast-growing vine grows 20 to 25 ft. each year.Special features:Bird Friendly, Edible, Fall Color, Fast Growing, North American Native Selection, Showy Fruit, Waterwise, Year-round InterestFoliage color:GreenBlooms:InconspicuousFlower color:GreenDesign IdeasGrapes can grow wherever there is direct sun and sufficient air circulation. They're traditionally trained overhead onto shade arbors over outdoor living spaces. Also popular for training along fence lines and up over arbor gateways. May be cultivated on standard wire trellis used in commercial vineyards.Companion PlantsBlackberry (Rubus); Rosemary (Rosmarinus); Fig (Ficus); Lavender (Lavandula); Rose (Rosa)
- CareCare InformationBest in deep, loamy, humus-rich, well-drained soils but quite adaptable. Water regularly during first growing season to establish deep, extensive root system. Water deeply, less frequently when established; supplement in extreme heat. Provide support such as a trellis or arbor. Prune annually in winter to control size.Pruning time: winter.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, needs only occasional watering.
- History & LoreHistory:The European grape, Vitis vinifera is age old but limited to warm climates with a long growing season. To expand cultivation into northern states, breeders began working with a wild American native, V. labrusca which matured over a much shorter season. It is native from New England to Georgia with widespread adaptability in more humid climates. It was crossed with the European to produce the Concord grape and then this variety followed for home gardens.Lore:It is believed that the European grape originated in Asia Minor, probably around Turkey, from a wild plant that produced small fruit. Over millennia it was selected for ever larger fruit to eventually produce the array of wine grapes cultivated today.