• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Fast growing vine; grows 20 to 25 ft. each year.
    Key Feature:
    Excellent Fruit for Juicing
    Blooms:
    Inconspicuous spring blooms, followed by late summer fruit.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:VI-tis luh-BRUS-kuh
    Deciduous/evergreen:Deciduous
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Fast growing vine; grows 20 to 25 ft. each year.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous spring blooms, followed by late summer fruit.
    Flower color:Green
    Garden styleMediterranean, Rustic
    Design IdeasGrapes can grow wherever there is direct sun and sufficient air circulation. They're traditionally trained overhead onto shade arbors over outdoor living spaces. Also popular for training along fence lines and up over arbor gateways. May be cultivated on standard wire trellis used in commercial vineyards.
    Companion PlantsBlackberry (Rubus); Rosemary (Rosmarinus); Fig (Ficus); Lavender (Lavandula); Rose (Rosa)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Easily grown in deep, loamy, humus-rich, well-drained soil, but quite adaptable. Water deeply and regularly during first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce frequency, once established. Fertilize every 6 to 8 weeks until midsummer. Provide support such as a trellis or arbor. Prune annually in winter to control size.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    The European grape, Vitis vinifera is age old but limited to warm climates with a long growing season. To expand cultivation into northern states, breeders began working with a wild American native, V. labrusca which matured over a much shorter season. It is native from New England to Georgia with widespread adaptability in more humid climates. It was crossed with the European to produce the Concord grape and then this variety followed for home gardens.
    Lore:
    It is believed that the European grape originated in Asia Minor, probably around Turkey, from a wild plant that produced small fruit. Over millennia it was selected for ever larger fruit to eventually produce the array of wine grapes cultivated today.