Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Shade
Full to partial shade
Watering Needs:
Water needs: High
Needs wet or constantly moist soil.
Average Landscape Size:
Average Landscape Size
Moderate growing to 4 ft. tall and 3 ft. wide.
Key Feature:
Key Feature
Shade Loving
Blooms:
Flowering Time
Does not flower
Botanical Pronunciation:as-PLE-ni-um bulb-IF-er-um
Plant type:Fern
Deciduous/evergreen:Evergreen
Sunset climate zones:15 - 17, 20 - 24
Growth rate:Moderate
Average landscape size:Moderate growing to 4 ft. tall and 3 ft. wide.
Foliage color:Green
Blooms:Does not flower
Garden styleTropical
Design IdeasMother Ferns are symmetrical in form like a feather-fronded palm. Shelter under awnings or on north-facing exposures. Tuck into shaded porches and nooks in the architecture. Does very well in pots or hanging baskets. Do not grow in sun or where wind could dry its fronds.
Companion PlantsRequires shelter and grows well with Catlin's Giant Carpet Bugle, (Ajuga reptans 'Catlin's Giant'), a carpet-like groundcover with deep blue flowers, the red-flowering Luxuriant Fringed Bleeding Heart, (Dicentra x 'Luxuriant') and spreading Dalmatian Bellflower, (Campanula portenschlagiana), Hosta and a variety of Belgian Indica Azalea.
Care Information
Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed frequently during growing season with a general purpose fertilizer. Cut back old fronds after new growth begins in spring.
Light Needs:
Light needs: Full Shade
Full to partial shade
Watering Needs:
Water needs: High
Needs wet or constantly moist soil.
History:
This fern falls into the Polypodiaceae and is naitive to both Australia and New Zealand. It si also known as the "hen and chicks" fern due to the natural vegetative reproduction.
Lore:
Mother ferns are called such because of the little offsets that are produced on the fronds which then fall to the ground to produce new plants.