• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain constantly moist soil.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Grows to 1 1/2 to 2 ft. tall and 18 in. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Shade Loving
    Blooms:
    Prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:drye-OPP-ter-iss ehr-ith-roh-SO-ra
    Plant type:Fern
    Deciduous/evergreen:Herbaceous
    Sunset climate zones:4 - 9, 14 - 28, 31, 32
    Growth habit:Spreading
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Grows to 1 1/2 to 2 ft. tall and 18 in. wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Prized for foliage.
    Garden styleCottage, Rustic
    Design IdeasA low-growing frilly Fern that behaves like a groundcover due to its spreading habit. Use to cover barren spots in shaded gardens or add to shade compositions that need a little seasonal color. Drought resistant, it is a labor saver in courtyards and atriums.
    Companion PlantsCoral Bells (Heuchera); Bleeding Heart (Dicentra); Hosta (Hosta); Lungwort (Pulmonaria); Ligularia (Ligularia)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in enriched, slightly acidic, consistently moist soils. Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed frequently during growing season with a general purpose fertilizer. Cut back old fronds after new growth begins in spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Shade
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: High
    Water regularly to maintain constantly moist soil.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    This plant has been shuffled about in classification and nomenclature far less than most of its confused kin. To start it is grouped with the ferns into the Polypodiaceae. This genus, Dryopteris, is credited to French botanist Michel Adanson, 1727-1806. It contains about 150 species of temperate and tropical origins, and these have been regrouped by some references into a number of other genera, such as Aspidium, and Thelypteris. This species is native to an enormous range of China and Japan. It may be synonymous with D. chrysoloba due to minor distinctions between the species. The species classification is attributed to Daniel Cady Eaton, 1834-1895, the noted American fern expert and professor at Yale University.