Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan'Item #4730 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 9
A handsome, fast growing evergreen that forms a stately, dark green, densely branched column well-suited for use as a formal accent, screen or windbreak. In its natural form, the symmetrical, pyramidal shape rarely needs pruning. An excellent specimen for formal topiary. Tolerates heat, cold and drought.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.Average Landscape Size:Quickly reaches 15 ft. tall, 3 to 5 ft. wide.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:ju-NIP-er-us chi-NEN-sisPlant type:ConiferDeciduous/evergreen:EvergreenGrowth habit:Columnar, Compact, NarrowGrowth rate:FastAverage landscape size:Quickly reaches 15 ft. tall, 3 to 5 ft. wide.Foliage color:Dark GreenBlooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.Design IdeasSpartan Juniper is the source of the lovely spiraled topiary columns so popular in Mediterranean inspired gardens. A welcome alternative to the tall cypress of Italy, this column of green foliage can be pruned into a variety of topiary forms. Grow them in high quality, heavyweight concrete or ceramic containers for proper scale and stability. Ideal plant for small scale screening and windbreaks.Companion PlantsBarberry (Berberis); Rose (Rosa); Lilac (Syringa); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Maiden Grass (Miscanthus)
- CareCare InformationHighly adaptable and easy to grow in most well-drained soils; avoid overly wet conditions. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce frequency once established. Apply a slow-release fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Prune annually to shape.Pruning time: summer.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
- History & LoreLore:J. chinensis is native to northeast Asia, including China, Mongolia, Japan, Korea and parts of Russia. The Chinese have grown the species for centuries and produced a number of their own garden cultivars before the plant was "discovered" by the west. The genus Juniperus was classified in 1767, but taxonomic confusion resulted with the introduction of other forms from China that are technically the same species but more accurately subspecies and cultivars. Further cross breeding resulted in a huge array of sizes, forms and colors. The leaves of this juniper are toxic but have been used over the years in certain home remedy ointments. Foliage is repellent to lice, and oils are extracted from the plant and used in traditional insecticides.