Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan'Item #4730 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 9
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Handsome, fast growing evergreen that forms dark green, densely branched columns useful as a formal accent, screen or windbreak. In natural form, its symmetrical, pyramidal shape rarely needs pruning. Excellent sheared topiary. Tolerates heat, cold and drought.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, needs only occasional watering.Average Landscape Size:Fast growing to 15 ft. tall, 3 to 5 ft. wide.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:ju-NIP-er-us chi-NEN-sisPlant type:ConiferDeciduous/evergreen:EvergreenGrowth habit:Columnar, Compact, NarrowGrowth rate:FastAverage landscape size:Fast growing to 15 ft. tall, 3 to 5 ft. wide.Foliage color:Dark GreenBlooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.Design IdeasSpartan Juniper is the source of the lovely spiraled topiary columns so popular in Mediterranean inspired gardens. A welcome alternative to the tall cypress of Italy, this column of green foliage can be pruned into a variety of topiary forms. Grow them in high quality, heavyweight concrete or ceramic containers for proper scale and stability. Ideal plant for small scale screening and windbreaks.Companion PlantsBarberry (Berberis); Rose (Rosa); Lilac (Syringa); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Maiden Grass (Miscanthus)
- CareCare InformationFollow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Requires less water when established. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Prune as needed to shape.Pruning time: summer.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Once established, needs only occasional watering.
- History & LoreHistory:J. chinensis is native to northeast Asia, including China, Mongolia, Japan, Korea and parts of Russia. The Chinese have grown the species for centuries and produced a number of their own garden cultivars before the plant was "discovered" by the west. The genus Juniperus was classified in 1767, but taxonomic confusion resulted with the introduction of other forms from China that are technically the same species but more accurately subspecies and cultivars. Further cross breeding resulted in a huge array of sizes, forms and colors. The leaves of this juniper are toxic but have been used over the years in certain home remedy ointments. Foliage is repellent to lice, and oils are extracted from the plant and used in traditional insecticides.