Chinese Fringe Tree
Chinese Fringe Tree
Chionanthus retususItem #2416 USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 - 9
This Plant's Availability
A highly prized small tree with upright branches forming a dome shape. Soft green leaves back magnificent clusters of fragrant, fringe-like blooms. A terrific accent for small yards. Deciduous.
- OverviewLight Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.Average Landscape Size:Slow growing to 15 to 20 ft. high, 20 to 25 ft. wide.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:ki-o-NAN-thus re-TU-susPlant type:TreeDeciduous/evergreen:DeciduousSunset climate zones:3 - 9, 14 - 24, 28 - 34, 39Growth habit:SpreadingGrowth rate:SlowAverage landscape size:Slow growing to 15 to 20 ft. high, 20 to 25 ft. wide.Special features:Attracts Birds, Easy Care, Fall Color, Ornamental Berries, Tolerates Urban PollutionFoliage color:GreenBlooms:SpringFlower color:WhiteDesign IdeasThis outstanding small tree will provide perfect interest for spatially challenged front yards. Wider than tall, it will also work well as filtered shade in outdoor living spaces that can afford to be overwhelmed by large trees. Set far back in the landscape against dark evergreen trees for a gorgeous bloom spectacle in sharp contrast. Show white blossoms become luminescent in the moonlight. Also works nicely as an accent tree surrounded by high profile perennials in the lawn.Companion PlantsThe fringe tree is outstanding with vibrantly colored perennials such as Color Flash Lime Astilbe, (Astilbe x arendsii 'Beauty of Lisse'), Farmington Michaelmas Daisy, (Aster novi-belgii 'Farmington'), Raspberry Tart Coneflower, (Echinacea purpurea 'Raspberry Tart'), Sensation Rose Meadow Sage, (Salvia nemorosa 'Meadow Sage'), and Flower Carpet Scarlet Groundcover Rose, (Rosa x 'NOA83100B').
- CareCare InformationFollow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering may be reduced once established, but avoid prolonged drought. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: winter.Light Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
- History & LoreHistory:There are two species of fringe tree, the first was introduced from America in the 17th century, for which the genus was named by Linnaeus from the Greek for snow and flower. The trees are native to an immense range of China, Korea and Japan. They were introduced to Britain by Robert Fortune who obtained specimens from a garden near Fuzhou. In China the best bloomers are propagated by grafting.Lore:In China, the young leaves of this tree are used as a substitute for tea and some are considered equal in fragrance to some of the best green teas.