• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Slow growing to 15 to 20 ft. high, 20 to 25 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Spring Flowers
    Blooms:
    Spring
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:ki-o-NAN-thus re-TU-sus
    Plant type:Tree
    Deciduous/evergreen:Deciduous
    Sunset climate zones:3 - 9, 14 - 24, 28 - 34, 39
    Growth habit:Spreading
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Slow growing to 15 to 20 ft. high, 20 to 25 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Spring
    Flower color:White
    Flower attributesFragrant, Showy Flowers
    Garden styleAsian/Zen, Cottage, Tropical
    Design IdeasThis outstanding small tree will provide perfect interest for spatially challenged front yards. Wider than tall, it will also work well as filtered shade in outdoor living spaces that can afford to be overwhelmed by large trees. Set far back in the landscape against dark evergreen trees for a gorgeous bloom spectacle in sharp contrast. Show white blossoms become luminescent in the moonlight. Also works nicely as an accent tree surrounded by high profile perennials in the lawn.
    Companion PlantsThe fringe tree is outstanding with vibrantly colored perennials such as Color Flash Lime Astilbe, (Astilbe x arendsii 'Beauty of Lisse'), Farmington Michaelmas Daisy, (Aster novi-belgii 'Farmington'), Raspberry Tart Coneflower, (Echinacea purpurea 'Raspberry Tart'), Sensation Rose Meadow Sage, (Salvia nemorosa 'Meadow Sage'), and Flower Carpet Scarlet Groundcover Rose, (Rosa x 'NOA83100B').
  • Care
    Care Information
    Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering may be reduced once established, but avoid prolonged drought. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    There are two species of fringe tree, the first was introduced from America in the 17th century, for which the genus was named by Linnaeus from the Greek for snow and flower. The trees are native to an immense range of China, Korea and Japan. They were introduced to Britain by Robert Fortune who obtained specimens from a garden near Fuzhou. In China the best bloomers are propagated by grafting.
    Lore:
    In China, the young leaves of this tree are used as a substitute for tea and some are considered equal in fragrance to some of the best green teas.