• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 15 to 25 ft. tall, 12 to 18 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Exquisite Specimen Tree
    Late Spring to Early Summer
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:KOR-nus
    Plant type:Tree
    Sunset climate zones:3 - 9, 14 - 17
    Growth habit:Pyramidal
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 15 to 25 ft. tall, 12 to 18 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Late Spring to Early Summer
    Flower color:White
    Flower attributesShowy Flowers
    Garden styleAsian/Zen, Cottage, Rustic
    Design IdeasAn elegant accent tree for high profile front yard whether planted in lawns or in beds with more diverse underplanting. Makes a divine focal point in backyard landscape and will draw the eye from a distance. Equally good for shade and interest up close beside porch, patio or terrace. Plant trees perfectly aligned with picture windows or sliding glass door to enjoy its seasonal changes from indoors. One of the best for adding midlevel interest beneath canopies of giant old shade trees. Set into a woodland composition to ease the transition to wildland and to provide more diversity to the understory.
    Companion PlantsWitch Hazel (Hamamelis); Snowberry (Symphoricarpos); Redbud (Cercis); Oak Leaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea); Oregon Grape Holly (Mahonia)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Provide enriched, moist, well-drained, acidic soil. Apply a thick layer of mulch to keep root zone cool in summer. Protect from harsh sun in hot regions. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish root system; once established, prefers moist soil, but tolerates mild drought. Feed in early spring. Prune in winter to shape.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
  • History & Lore
    In the late 20th century a disease struck Cornus florida both in culivation and in the wild causing the death of millions of trees in North American. Breeding efforts by Dr. Elwin Orton of Rutgers University resulted in the Rutgers Stellar Series dogwoods considered highly resistant to dogwood borer and moderately to highly resistant to dogwood anthracnose. The trees are a cross between C. florida, a native of the American southeastern states and C. kousa, the Japanese dogwood. The Stellar series blooms slightly later and lacks fruit.
    Eastern American agricultural tribes used the blooming of the dogwood to signal the time to plant corn. They made tea of dogwood bark was used to break a fever, and this same remedy led to its use again during the Civil War. With southern ports blockaded, Confederates were without quinine for malaria and found the dogwood remedy a suitable alternative. The wood of these trees is exceptionally hard and used for making high-stress tools.