• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly and deeply, when the top 3 inches of soil becomes dry.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Slowly reaches 6 to 8 ft. tall, 4 to 5 ft. wide in natural form.
    Key Feature:
    Year-Round Interest
    Conifer; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:PY-see-a GLAW-ka KOH-nee-ka
    Plant type:Shrub, Conifer
    Sunset climate zones:1 - 7, 14 - 17
    Growth habit:Columnar, Compact
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Slowly reaches 6 to 8 ft. tall, 4 to 5 ft. wide in natural form.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.
    Garden styleCottage
    Design IdeasThis dense pointed conifer is a perfect front yard Christmas tree for holiday lighting at small city homes. Dense growth means it's also a great screen plant that won't overgrow tight spaces. Use symmetrical form as a single accent, in matched pair or in an evenly spaced series amidst hedges and parterres. Experiment with topiary spirals or poodles for potted specimens on entries and patios, where there's no room to plant. A beautiful choice for woodland gardens or behind water features.
    Companion PlantsMaiden Grass (Miscanthus); Boxwood (Buxus); Lavender (Lavandula); Spirea (Spiraea); Variegated Dogwood (Cornus)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Tolerates a wide range of soils. Thrives in cold winter climates with cool summers. Plant several feet away from structures to allow good air circulation. Water regularly during first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Fertilize before new growth begins in spring. Prune only as needed to maintain shape.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly and deeply, when the top 3 inches of soil becomes dry.
  • History & Lore
    This conifer is native to a number of states adjacent to the Canadian border, through Canada into Alaska. Alberta spruce is grown as Christmas trees and fresh cut greens used in holiday decorating.
    The genus name Picea translates from the Latin for pitch, a sugar rich gum extracted from spruce trees. Native Americans used its gum as a salve and brewed the resin into medicinal drink for childbirth and other ailments. Its oils have some commercial value.