Parthenocissus quinquefoliaItem #0245 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 9
This fast growing vine easily clings to walls and other surfaces for a quick cover, with more open growth than its cousin Boston Ivy. The dark green foliage turns brilliant orange-red in fall. Works well as a groundcover, blanketing unsightly areas. Its small, purple-black, ornamental berries are a good winter food source for birds. Deciduous.
- OverviewLight Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.Average Landscape Size:Fast growing, self-clinging stems climb 30 to 50 ft. or more.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:par-the-no-SIS-us kwin-kwe-FOH-li-aDeciduous/evergreen:DeciduousSunset climate zones:1 - 24Growth rate:FastAverage landscape size:Fast growing, self-clinging stems climb 30 to 50 ft. or more.Special features:Bird Friendly, Fall Color, Fast Growing, North American Native Selection, WaterwiseFoliage color:GreenBlooms:Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.Companion PlantsNinebark (Physocarpus); Euonymus (Euonymus); Juniper (Juniperus); Potentilla (Potentilla); Mock Orange (Philadelphus)
- CareCare InformationGrows easily in average, well-drained soils; adaptable to most soil types. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce frequency once established. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer. Provide support such as a wall or fence. Prune annually to control size.Pruning time: winter.Light Needs:Partial to full sunWatering Needs:Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
- History & LoreLore:The berries of Virginia Creeper can be harmful if ingested, however, and the rest of the plant contains raphides, which irritate the skin of some people.The berries of this North American native plant provide an important winter food source for birds. While it is documented that early Native Americans used the plant as an herbal remedy for a number of ailments, the berries contain oxalic acid, which is considered to be moderately toxic to humans and other mammals. To help distinguish Virginia Creeper from a somewhat similar-looking Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), this rhyme has been often taught to children: Leaves of three, let it be; Leaves of five, let it thrive. Poison Ivy leaflets are normally presented in groups of three, while those of Virginia Creeper are in groups of five.