Pyramidal European Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'

An attractive, columnar tree; dense branches when young, spreading into a broad cone shape with age. Clean looking dark green foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. Great for screens and street trees. Deciduous. Full sun. Moderate-growing to 35 to 45 feet tall, 25 to 35 feet wide. Grafted.
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4 - 8

Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun

Water regularly - weekly, or more in extreme heat; less once established.

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Botanical Pronunciationkar-PY-nus BET-ew-lus fas-tih-jee-AY-tuh
LoreHornbeam is a favorite tree for the art of pleaching, which is a form of topiary on a monstrous scale. This species withstands frequent shearing and is often planted into allees in Britain.
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing; reaches 35 to 45 ft. tall, 25 to 35 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeInconspicuous; prized for foliage.
Design IdeasWell-proven tree for boulevards, parks and institutional landscapes. Nice shade tree for narrow suburban yards and for visually dividing closely placed multistory homes. The favorite form for allees and pleached effects in the European style. In a windrow, hornbeam makes a fine large scale visual screen or windbreak.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower ColorYellow
Foliage ColorDark Green
Garden StyleContemporary, Cottage
Growth HabitPyramidal
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseEspalier, Hedge, Mass Planting, Privacy Screen, Specimen, Windbreak, Woodland Garden, Shade Tree, Urban Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureEasy Care, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Year-round Interest, Tolerates Urban Pollution
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly - weekly, or more in extreme heat; less once established.
Key FeatureGolden Fall Color

Provide deep, well-drained soil. Water deeply, regularly during the first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system; once established, reduce frequency. Apply a general purpose fertilizer in early spring. Minimal pruning required in natural form; as a hedge, prune in winter while dormant.

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This Plant's Growing Zones: 4 - 8

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