Full sun, Partial sun
Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
|Botanical Pronunciation||par-the-no-SIS-us kwin-kwe-FOH-li-a|
|Lore||The berries of Virginia Creeper can be harmful if ingested, however, and the rest of the plant contains raphides, which irritate the skin of some people.The berries of this North American native plant provide an important winter food source for birds. While it is documented that early Native Americans used the plant as an herbal remedy for a number of ailments, the berries contain oxalic acid, which is considered to be moderately toxic to humans and other mammals. To help distinguish Virginia Creeper from a somewhat similar-looking Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), this rhyme has been often taught to children: Leaves of three, let it be; Leaves of five, let it thrive. Poison Ivy leaflets are normally presented in groups of three, while those of Virginia Creeper are in groups of five.|
|Average Size at Maturity||Fast growing, self-clinging stems climb 30 to 50 ft. or more.|
|Bloom Time||Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.|
|Garden Style||Cottage, Mediterranean, Rustic|
|Landscape Use||Erosion Control, Firescaping/Fire Wise, Woodland Garden, Coastal Exposure, Wildlife Garden, Ground Cover|
|Light Needs||Full sun, Partial sun|
|Soil Needs||Fruit Tree & Vine|
|Special Feature||Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, North American Native Selection, Shade Loving, Waterwise, Fast Growing, Bird Friendly|
|Watering Needs||Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.|
|Key Feature||Brilliant Fall Color|
Grows easily in average, well-drained soils; adaptable to most soil types. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce frequency once established. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer. Provide support such as a wall or fence. Prune annually to control size.
This Plant's Growing Zones: 4 - 9