Black Hills Spruce
Picea glauca 'Densata'
|Description||A highly desirable, naturally symmetrical cone-shape with a denser, more compact habit than the white spruce, making it very resistant to winter injury. New bright green foliage matures to blue-green. Provides winter cover, nesting sites and forage for wildlife. Fantastic as a landscape accent, or in groupings as a windbreak or screen. Evergreen.|
|Light||Full sun, Partial sun|
|Watering||Water when top 2 inches of soil is dry.|
|Blooms||Conifer; prized for foliage.|
|Mature Size||Grows 25 ft. tall, 15 ft. wide; 50 ft. tall, 25 ft. wide in ideal conditions.|
|Landscape Use||Privacy Screen, Windbreak|
|Design Ideas||This is a useful mid-sized blue-colored spruce that works perfectly in the suburban landscape. Use as background foliage for colorful seasonal plantings. A great candidate for naturalistic woodlands needing a reliable conifer that won't spread out too much. Consider it as a single specimen for semi-formal schemes or exploit its columnar form by planting matched pairs in symmetrical landscapes. Dense and rugged enough for small windbreaks at backyard scale or to flesh out larger Midwestern shelterbelts.|
|Companion Plants||Fountain Grass (Pennisetum); Smoke Tree (Cotinus); Potentilla (Potentilla); Dwarf Ninebark (Physocarpus); Salvia (Salvia)|
|Care||Grows easily in moist, slightly acidic, loose, sandy or gravelly loam to fine clay soils. Thrives in cold winter, cool summer areas. Water deeply, regularly in first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates mild drought. Fertilize in early spring. Slow growing; no pruning necessary.|
|Lore||Plains Indians used the inner bark and shoots of the Black Hills Spruce for food and the hardened sap for gum. The trunks were used for tipi poles. The small tan cones that arrive in summer and persist into early winter produce seed that is a valuable food source for songbirds and small mammals, while the bark is palatable to porcupines and the foliage is occasionally browsed on by deer.|
This Plant's Growing Zones: 2-8
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