Dura Heat® River Birch

Betula nigra 'BNMTF'

A more heat and drought tolerant form of this species, with superior insect and disease resistance. The pyramidal form features dense, glossy green leaves that fade to clear butter yellow in fall, and striking winter bark that is a pinkish orange with prominent exfoliation. This large tree is excellent for use as a focal point or shade tree. Deciduous.
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Full sun

Keep soil moist to wet.


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Botanical PronunciationBET-ew-luh NY-gruh
LoreThe unique nature of the river birch wood makes it useful for fine turnings, artificial limbs and basket making.
Average Size at MaturityFast growing; reaches 30 to 40 ft. tall, 25 to 35 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeInconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark.
Design IdeasA beautiful tree best suited to planting in groves of three to five with others of its kind. Will make an excellent narrow front yard tree for limited spaces. It's a natural around water gardens, natural pools, streams and other wetlands where it thrives in the moisture. Use in mixed forest groves to add interest with white bark. Even suited to a minor windrow along driveway or property line. Nontoxic trees are a safe choice near horse corrals and livestock pens.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleAsian/Zen, Contemporary, Cottage, Rustic
Growth HabitPyramidal
Growth RateFast
Landscape UseErosion Control, Firescaping/Firewise, Specimen, Very Wet Areas, Water Garden, Windbreak, Woodland Garden, Shade Tree, Coastal Exposure, Wildlife Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureAttractive Bark, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Improved Disease Resistance, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Tolerates Wet Soils, Year-round Interest, Bird Friendly, Tolerates Road Salt
Water NeedsHigh
Watering NeedsKeep soil moist to wet.
Companion PlantsDogwood (Cornus); Chokeberry (Aronia); Clethra (Clethra); Wintergreen (Gaultheria); Japanese Spurge (Pachysandra)

Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Fertilize in early spring. Seldom requires pruning.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 3-7

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

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