Massachusetts Kinnikinnick

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Massachusetts'

A very cold-hardy Northeastern native groundcover with clusters of pale pink two-inch bell-shaped flowers followed by ornamental red berries that persist into winter. Autumn foliage is tinged red-gold. The low, spreading form is very useful for low water rock gardens and hillsides in cooler regions. Evergreen.
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Full sun, Partial sun

Once established water deeply occasionally.

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Botanical Pronunciationark-toh-STAF-ih-los EW-vah UR-see
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing; reaches just 1 ft. tall, spreading 10 to 15 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeSummer
Deciduous/ EvergreenEvergreen
Flower AttributeShowy Flowers
Flower ColorPink
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleCottage, Rustic
Growth HabitSpreading
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseBorder, Erosion Control, Firescaping/Firewise, Rock Garden, Hillside, Ground Cover
Light NeedsFull sun, Partial sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureExtreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, North American Native Selection, Ornamental Berries, Tolerates Poor Soils, Waterwise, Year-round Interest, Bird Friendly, Tolerates Road Salt
Water NeedsLow
Watering NeedsOnce established water deeply occasionally.
Companion PlantsEuonymus (Euonymus); Fleabane (Erigeron); Catmint (Nepeta); Carpet Bugle (Ajuga); Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster); Wintergreen (Gaultheria)

Prefers loose, lean, acidic, rocky or sandy soils in cool climates; does not do well with heavy, wet soils or frequent fertilization. Water regularly during the first growing season to establish the root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates moderate drought. Space 5 to 8 ft. apart as groundcover; closer for faster coverage.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 2-6

USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Map

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

Your climate may be too cold for this plant