Northern Red Oak

Quercus rubra

Outstanding large pyramidal tree displays brilliant orange, brown and red fall coloring. An excellent shade tree for large lawns or parks. Sends roots deep, easy to garden under. Deciduous.
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Full sun

Water regularly - weekly; less once established, more in extreme heat.


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Botanical PronunciationKWER-kus ROO-bruh
LoreThis is from the fact that the ancient tree-worshipping tribes often queried very large old oak trees believed to contain powerful spirits that could foretell the future.
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing; reaches 60 to 80 ft. tall, 35 to 40 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeInconspicuous; prized for foliage.
Design IdeasA beautiful specimen tree for sizeable homesites and suburban yards. Exceptional street tree and for large scale effects in institutional planting. American native suitable for naturalization in open space and reforestation projects in rural or urban applications.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleContemporary, Rustic
Growth HabitSpreading
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseFirescaping/Fire Wise, Mass Planting, Privacy Screen, Specimen, Woodland Garden, Coastal Exposure, Wildlife Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureExtreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Naturalizes Well, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Year-round Interest, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly - weekly; less once established, more in extreme heat.
Companion PlantsBurning Bush (Euonymus); Snowberry (Symphoricarpos); Spirea (Spiraea); Magnolia (Magnolia); Serviceberry (Amelanchier)

Provide deep, fertile, acidic, loose, well-drained soil. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish extensive root system; once established, reduce frequency. Feed in early spring. Prune to removed dead or damaged branches in winter.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-9

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

Your climate may be too cold for this plant