Alert: Limited Online Availability

Now that summer is here, we have limited our stock for online purchase. Find Monrovia plants at your local garden center. Pre-order for 2023 will be available later this year. ×

We no longer grow this plant.
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Persian Ironwood

Parrotia persica

An excellent small-scale shade tree with a colorful, spreading canopy of thick foliage that emerges reddish purple to bronze in spring and matures to glossy dark green in summer before turning vibrant shades of yellow, orange, and red in the fall. Attractive exfoliating bark boasts small red-anther flowers on bare branches in late winter. Deciduous.
There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . Learn More

Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun, Partial sun

Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.


Due to the seasonal nature of plants, availability at your local garden center is not guaranteed. Give them a call before visiting.

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Botanical Pronunciationpar-ROH-ti-a PER-si-ka
LoreThis tree is classified in the witch hazel family, Hamamelidaceae. While some sources report the genus Parrotia was inspired by colorful tropical birds, others indicate it was an homage to early 19th century German naturalist F.W. Parrot. This species originates in Iran and Iraq, formerly the Persian Empire, hence the species name.
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing; reaches 20 to 40 ft. tall, 15 to 30 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeLate Winter to Early Spring
Design IdeasThis great little tree should be used more often because of its most unique display of fall color. Excellent street tree or single front-yard tree for city gardens. Makes a powerful contrast against a background of dark evergreens. A lovely accent for water gardens or woodland settings. Large enough for shade in the backyard near a patio or terrace. Ideal counterbalance for spring color beside a gazebo shrouded in a flowering vine. Romantic color you can count on to give a cottage or country garden carefree autumn glory.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower ColorRed
Foliage ColorDark Green
Garden StyleAsian/Zen, Contemporary
Growth HabitRound
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseSpecimen, Woodland Garden, Shade Tree, Urban Garden
Light NeedsFull sun, Partial sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureAttractive Bark, Dramatic Foliage Color, Fall Color, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Year-round Interest, Tolerates Urban Pollution
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
Companion PlantsHornbeam (Carpinus betulus); Pine (Pinus); Fothergilla (Fothergilla)

Prefers slightly acidic, well-drained soils with consistent moisture in cooler climates, but adapts to a range of soil conditions and tolerates light shade in warmer regions. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish an extensive root system; once established, reduce frequency. Fertilize in early spring.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 5-7

USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Map

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

Your climate may be too cold for this plant