• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Quickly forms foliage clumps 4 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide, or wider.
    Key Feature:
    Woodland Garden Plant
    Blooms:
    Prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:drye-OPP-ter-iss FY-liks mas
    Plant type:Fern
    Deciduous/evergreen:Semi-evergreen
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Quickly forms foliage clumps 4 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide, or wider.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Prized for foliage.
    Garden styleAsian/Zen, Cottage, Rustic
    Design IdeasA perfect space filler to flesh out shade gardens and landscapes under large shade trees or groves. Exceptional for filling gaps in rock waterfalls where shade prevents other plants. A good problem solver for narrow sideyards and fleshes out difficult north facing foundation planting.
    Companion PlantsAzalea (Azalea); Camellia (Camellia); Japanese Forest Grass (Hakonechloa); Rhododendron (Rhododendron); Astilbe (Astilbe)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Provide enriched, slightly acidic, well-drained soil, with shelter from drying winter winds. Water deeply, regularly during the first growing season to establish root system; once established, water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil. Fertilize regularly during growing season. Cut back old fronds after new growth begins in spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Shade
    Full shade
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: High
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    This fern is native to a huge range spanning much of the Northern Hemisphere. This species is a commonplace wood fern in Europe and is also found in scattered locations in North America. It prefers to grow in limestone areas. The genus was classified and named by Austrian botanist Heinrich Schott. It is found in oak forests of Europe, which explains the translation of its name from the Greek for oak fern.
    Lore:
    In ancient Europe, ferns were often associated with incantations and spells granting one invisibility because the plants lacked seeds and seemed to magically appear. Male fern is grown commercially as an anthelminthic, to expel worms.