Dryopteris celsaItem #0504 USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 - 9
An elegant fern that thrives on the forest floor. Large, 2 to 3 feet long, deep green fronds produce a lush, leafy effect. A superior choice for shade gardens, under large tree canopies, narrow sideyards and shaded foundation plantings. An herbaceous perennial.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full to partial shadeWatering Needs:Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.Average Landscape Size:Moderate growing; reaches 36 to 48 in. tall, 18 to 30 in. wide.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:dry-OP-ter-iss SEL-suhPlant type:FernDeciduous/evergreen:HerbaceousGrowth rate:ModerateAverage landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 36 to 48 in. tall, 18 to 30 in. wide.Foliage color:GreenBlooms:Prized for foliage.Design IdeasA perfect space filler to fill out shade gardens and landscapes under large shade trees or groves. Exceptional for filling gaps in rock waterfalls where shade prevents other plants. A good problem solver for narrow sideyards and fleshes out difficult north facing foundation planting.Companion PlantsCoral Bells (Heuchera); Lungwort (Pulmonaria); Hosta (Hosta); Ligularia (Ligularia); Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)
- CareCare InformationProvide organically rich, slightly acidic, moist, well-drained soil. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; once established, adapts to varied soil moisture conditions. Fertilize regularly during growing season. Cut back old fronds after new growth begins in spring.Light Needs:Full to partial shadeWatering Needs:Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
- History & LoreHistory:This fern is native to damp woods and swamps throughout a large range of the southeastern United States. Isolated stands can be found in wildlands as far north as New York. This is a natural hybrid between D. goldiana and D. ludoviciana. Its common name is derived from the fact that it's often found growing upon rotting logs in the forest.Lore:Ferns are primitive plants that reproduce by spores. The fronds of this and many other native ferns were used as makeshift baskets and wrappers by Native Americans within its range in the hunting and gathering forays.