• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Fast-growing vine to 20 to 25 ft. each year.
    Key Feature:
    Edible Fruit
    Inconspicuous; prized for fruit and foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:VI-tis luh-BRUS-kuh
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Fast-growing vine to 20 to 25 ft. each year.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous; prized for fruit and foliage.
    Flower color:Green
    Garden styleMediterranean
    Design IdeasGrapes can grow wherever there is direct sun and sufficient air circulation. They're traditionally trained overhead onto shade arbors over outdoor living spaces. Also popular for training along fence lines and up over arbor gateways. May be cultivated on standard wire trellis used in commercial vineyards.
    Companion PlantsRosemary (Rosmarinus); Lavender (Lavandula); Raspberry (Rubus); Rose (Rosa); Fig (Ficus)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Best in deep, loamy, well-drained soils but quite adaptable. Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Water deeply, less frequently when established; supplement in extreme heat. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer. Provide a trellis or arbor as support. Prune annually to control size.Pruning time: winter.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Low
    Once established, needs only occasional watering.
  • History & Lore
    The European grape, Vitis vinifera is age old but limited to warm climates with a long growing season. . To expand cultivation into northern states, breeders began working with a wild American native, V. labrusca which matured over a much shorter season. It is native from New England to Georgia with widespread adaptability in more humid climates. It was crossed with the European to produce the Concord grape and then this variety followed for home gardens.
    It is believed that the European grape originated in Asia Minor, probably around Turkey, from a wild plant that produced small fruit. Over millennia it was selected for ever larger fruit to eventually produce the array of wine grapes cultivated today.