Alert: Limited Online Availability

Now that summer is here, we must limit our stock of plants available for online purchase. Please visit your local garden center or consider pre-ordering for 2023, available later this year.

We no longer grow this plant.
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Red Buckeye

Aesculus pavia

Quite handsome flowering tree displaying attractive red flowers in 3 to 6 inch clusters at the branch tips. Lustrous dark green leaves make a stunning contrast with the flowers. Deciduous.
There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . Learn More

Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun

Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.


Due to the seasonal nature of plants, availability at your local garden center is not guaranteed. Give them a call before visiting.

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Botanical Pronunciationes-KU-lus PAY-vee-uh
LoreBuckeye produces one of the few fruits not consumed by any form of wildlife due to its innate toxicity.
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing to 10 to 15 ft. tall and wide.
Bloom TimeLate Spring
Design IdeasAn important native tree for wild and wildlife gardens. Ideal beneath existing forest cover or large shade trees for protection from sunburn. Makes a good specimen in residential landscapes but fruit is toxic to pets.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower AttributeShowy Flowers
Flower ColorRed
Foliage ColorDark Green
Growth HabitRounded
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseFirescaping/Firewise, Very Wet Areas, Windbreak, Woodland Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureAttracts Hummingbirds, Fall Color, Fruit Poisonous, Naturalizes Well, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Tolerates Poor Soils, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsHigh
Watering NeedsWater regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
Companion PlantsCombine buckeye with other American natives such as Gateway Joe Pye Weed, (Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway'), Autumn Brilliance Apple Serviceberry, (Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'), Kobold Blazing Star, (Liatris spicata 'Kobold') and Cutleaf American Elder, (Sambucus canadensis 'Laciniata').

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-9

USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Map

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