Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
|Botanical Pronunciation||BET-ew-luh NY-gruh|
|Lore||Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range.|
|Average Size at Maturity||Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions.|
|Bloom Time||Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark.|
|Design Ideas||Excellent tree for very large homesites, parks and open space. A problem solver for low lying sites to wet for many other species. Important component of the wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks that benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks..|
|Garden Style||Asian/Zen, Contemporary, Cottage, Rustic|
|Landscape Use||Erosion Control, Firescaping/Firewise, Specimen, Very Wet Areas, Water Garden, Windbreak, Woodland Garden, Shade Tree, Coastal Exposure, Wildlife Garden|
|Light Needs||Full sun|
|Soil Needs||Tree & Shrub Food|
|Special Feature||Attractive Bark, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Improved Disease Resistance, Naturalizes Well, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Tolerates Wet Soils, Year-round Interest, Fast Growing, Bird Friendly, Tolerates Road Salt|
|Watering Needs||Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.|
|Companion Plants||Clethra (Clethra); Red-Twig Dogwood (Cornus); Sweet Flag (Acorus); Dappled Willow (Salix integra); Water Iris (Iris ensata); Japanese Spurge (Pachysandra)|
Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Fertilize in early spring. Seldom requires pruning.
This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-7