River Birch

Betula nigra

SKU
1242
Rating:
100% of 100
Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. Tolerates moist areas. Deciduous. Full sun. Fast grower to 40 feet and taller, 30 feet and more wide. Seed grown.
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4 - 7

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Full sun

Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.

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Botanical PronunciationBET-ew-luh NY-gruh
LoreInfusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range.
Average Size at MaturityQuickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions.
Bloom TimeInconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark.
Design IdeasExcellent tree for very large homesites, parks and open space. A problem solver for low lying sites to wet for many other species. Important component of the wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks that benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks..
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower ColorYellow
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleAsian/Zen, Contemporary, Cottage, Rustic
Growth HabitConical
Growth RateFast
Landscape UseErosion Control, Firescaping/Fire Wise, Specimen, Very Wet Areas, Water Garden, Windbreak, Woodland Garden, Shade Tree, Coastal Exposure, Wildlife Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureAttractive Bark, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Improved Disease Resistance, Naturalizes Well, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Tolerates Wet Soils, Year-round Interest, Fast Growing, Bird Friendly, Tolerates Road Salt
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
Key FeatureAttractive Textured Bark

Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Fertilize in early spring. Seldom requires pruning.

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This Plant's Growing Zones: 4 - 7

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