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Southern Wood Fern

Thelypteris normalis

Light green upright fronds spread by rhizomes to form a dense colony with an elegant, open, fountain shape that adds excellent form and texture as a foundation planting and under shade trees. Naturalizes well with other understory natives in wild gardens. Equally at home in wet or dry shade. Deciduous.
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Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full shade, Partial shade

Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.

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Botanical Pronunciationthe-LIP-ter-is
Average Size at MaturityQuickly reaches 3 ft. tall and wide.
Bloom TimePrized for foliage.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Foliage ColorLight Green
Garden StyleAsian/Zen, Cottage, Rustic, Tropical
Growth HabitFountain
Growth RateFast
Landscape UseBorder, Erosion Control, Mass Planting, Rock Garden, Woodland Garden, Dry Shade
Light NeedsFull shade, Partial shade
Soil NeedsAll-Purpose Plant Food
Special FeatureEasy Care, Gift Plant, North American Native Selection, Shade Loving, Fast Growing
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
Companion PlantsSoloman's Seal (Polygonatum); Hosta (Hosta); Bleeding Heart (Dicentra); Lungwort (Pulmonaria); Ligularia (Ligularia)

Thrives in moist, humus-rich, slightly acidic soils. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; once established, prefers regular moisture but tolerates drier soils. Fertilize frequently during growing season. Cut back old fronds after new growth begins in spring.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 8-10

USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Map

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

Your climate may be too cold for this plant