Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan'
Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
|Botanical Pronunciation||ju-NIP-er-us chi-NEN-sis|
|Lore||J. chinensis is native to northeast Asia, including China, Mongolia, Japan, Korea and parts of Russia. The Chinese have grown the species for centuries and produced a number of their own garden cultivars before the plant was "discovered" by the west. The genus Juniperus was classified in 1767, but taxonomic confusion resulted with the introduction of other forms from China that are technically the same species but more accurately subspecies and cultivars. Further cross breeding resulted in a huge array of sizes, forms and colors. The leaves of this juniper are toxic but have been used over the years in certain home remedy ointments. Foliage is repellent to lice, and oils are extracted from the plant and used in traditional insecticides.|
|Average Size at Maturity||Grows 15 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide in natural form.|
|Bloom Time||Conifer; prized for foliage.|
|Design Ideas||Spartan Juniper is the source of the lovely spiraled topiary columns so popular in Mediterranean inspired gardens. A welcome alternative to the tall cypress of Italy, this column of green foliage can be pruned into a variety of topiary forms. Grow them in high quality, heavyweight concrete or ceramic containers for proper scale and stability. Ideal plant for small scale screening and windbreaks.|
|Foliage Color||Dark Green|
|Garden Style||Asian/Zen, Contemporary, Mediterranean|
|Landscape Use||Border, Container, Mass Planting, Privacy Screen, Specimen, Topiary, Windbreak, Coastal Exposure, Urban Garden|
|Light Needs||Full sun|
|Soil Needs||All-Purpose Plant Food|
|Special Feature||Extreme Cold Hardiness, Tolerates Poor Soils, Waterwise, Year-round Interest, Fast Growing, Bird Friendly, Tolerates Urban Pollution, Compact Form|
|Watering Needs||Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.|
|Companion Plants||Lilac (Syringa); Rose (Rosa); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Maiden Grass (Miscanthus); Barberry (Berberis)|
Highly adaptable and easy to grow in most well-drained soils; avoid overly wet conditions. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates mild drought. Apply a slow-release fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Prune annually to shape.
This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-9