Nyssa sylvatica

Awesome display of orange-yellow-scarlet foliage in fall turns to a dramatic show of bare, red-tinged branches in winter. Dark blue fruit attracts birds. Terrific garden tree. Deciduous.
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Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun

Once established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.


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Botanical PronunciationNIS-a sil-VAT-i-ka
LoreLinnaeus who conferred the name, Nyssa, after a mythological water nymph to describe the tree's preference for watery sites.
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, 20 to 30 ft. wide, or larger.
Bloom TimeInconspicuous; prized for foliage.
Design IdeasThis beautiful native of the Southeast is an excellent tree for low and damp areas. Use as a shade tree in wild and native gardens. Place in the back of the landscape, where it has room to flourish.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Foliage ColorDark Green
Garden StyleContemporary, Cottage, Rustic
Growth HabitRound
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseFirescaping/Fire Wise, Specimen, Very Wet Areas, Woodland Garden, Coastal Exposure
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureAttractive Bark, Fall Color, Naturalizes Well, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Wet Soils, Waterwise, Year-round Interest, Bird Friendly, Tolerates Road Salt
Water NeedsLow
Watering NeedsOnce established, water deeply, occasionally; more in extreme heat.
Companion PlantsSweetgum (Liquidambar); Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora); Yellow Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea); Swamp Jessamine (Gelsemium); Carolina Allspice (Calycanthus floridus)

Provide deep, acidic, moist, well-drained soil. Water deeply and regularly during the first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established prefers evenly moist soil, but tolerates dry spells and heavy moisture. Apply fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Prune for shape and structure in winter.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-9

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

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