American Hazelnut

Corylus americana

A native to eastern North America, this small tree or multi-branched shrub produces edible nuts in fall. Showy male flowers appear in spring, in the form of elongated tan catkins, while the female flowers are reddish and inconspicuous. Foliage turns golden yellow to red to purple in autumn. The dense, low growth habit provides excellent habitat for birds and wildlife.
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Full sun, Partial sun

Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.

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Botanical PronunciationKOR-ih-lus a-mer-ih-KAY-na
LoreCorylus americana is monoecious, meaning it produces separate male and female flowers on the same plant, with both male (tan catkins) and female flowers (red stigma style) being exhibited during flowering season. The nuts of American hazelnut (also known as the American filbert) have a higher nutritional value than acorns and beechnuts.
Average Size at MaturityReaches 15-18 ft. tall and 10-12 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeShowy catkins in spring
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower AttributeShowy Flowers
Flower ColorYellow
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleCottage, Rustic
Growth HabitRounded
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseBorder, Mass Planting, Specimen, Woodland Garden, Wildlife Garden
Light NeedsFull sun, Partial sun
Special FeatureEasy Care, Edible, Fall Color, North American Native Selection, Showy Fruit, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsNeeds regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Will spread by root suckers; clip to prevent spread if desired.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-9

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

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